Czech Republic

General information on collaboration

Czechoslovakia was one of the founder states of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), and the Czech Republic continues abiding by the arrangements made by that state. At its meeting, on 16­-17 March 1993, the Committee of Plenipotentiaries of the Governments of the JINR Member States considered the letters of authority of the representatives of the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic. In accord with the statements of the governments representatives, the Committee of Plenipotentiaries made a decision that it “recognizes Slovakia and the Czech Republic as legal successors of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic in its rights and obligations as the JINR member”, and since 1 January 1993 the Slovak Republic and the Czech Republic have been the JINR Member States.

The Czech Republic, as earlier Czechoslovakia, is one of the leaders among the JINR Member States in the amount of participation in the JINR activities, joint research, and scientific and technological relations. An outstanding contribution to the development of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research was brought by the Czech scientists: Academicians J. Kožešník and V. Votruba, Professors I. Úlehla, J. Tuček, Č. Šimáně, M. Gmitro, I. Wilhelm and others. Czech scientists have held high positions of JINR Vice-Directors, Laboratory Deputy Directors, Heads of Departments and Sectors: V. Votruba, V. Petržílka, Č. Šimáně, I. Zvára, M. Finger, R. Leitner, A. Kovalík, R. Lednický and others.

Many Czech physicists who once worked at JINR, cooperate today with their colleagues from Dubna, e.g.: J. Kvasil, S. Kozubek, A. Kugler, L. Majling, J. Pleštil, I. Procházka, I. Štekl, P. Exner, M. Lokajíček, R. Leitner, M. Šumbera, V. Vrba, S. Pospíšil, or Z.Janout. As I. Úlehla said: «The Joint Institute has helped to educate many of our specialists not only in nuclear physics or high- and low-energy physics themselves but also in areas of mathematics, chemistry, and technology related to theoretical and experimental problems in nuclear physics».

Many scientific problems dealt with at JINR are being solved in close cooperation with laboratories of JINR Member States and, vice versa, many problems tackled by laboratories of JINR Member States are being solved with assistance of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. Speaking about the past, it is worth mentioning that such basic facilities as the U–120 cyclotron and the microtron were developed at JINR and supplied to the Czech Republic. With their high skills, Czech scientists and engineers occupy a prominent place in scientific teams of JINR. Now, there are 24 Czech staff members at JINR, including JINR Vice-Director Dr. Richard Lednický.

Specialists from Czech institutes come on short-term visits to the laboratories of JINR for carrying out joint research, and JINR scientists regularly go to the Czech Republic for participating in joint scientific activities and international conferences.

The Czech Republic has many times been a hospitable host of JINR workshops, including traditional ones as schools and international conferences “Symmetry and Spin” in Prague (Organizing Committee Chairman Prof. M. Finger). The first of them was held at JINR in 1975, and the latest was held in Prague in the middle of February 2014 and was attended by scientists from all over the world. The contributions made by Prof. Finger to development of long-term cooperation between Czechoslovak and later Czech institutes and JINR deserve high praises.

In May 2009, a seminar devoted to the 90th birthday of the outstanding scientist Prof. Č. Šimáně was held at Řež. He was Vice-Director of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna in 1973 ­ 1977. He was also the chairman and a member of many professional and organizing committees and advisory councils, in particular for nuclear physics and nuclear power development, a member of the Scientific Council of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, a member of the scientific councils at NPI (Řež), and Faculty of Technical and Nuclear Physics of Czech Technical University in Prague. He was awarded the JINR Medal of Honour for outstanding contributions to science and development of JINR.

The Czech Republic takes an active part in the educational programme: groups of senior Czech students regularly do their practical work at JINR laboratories, which is greatly the merit of Docent I. Štekl, Deputy Director of the Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics of the Czech Technical University in Prague and former JINR staff member. It is an important form of new cooperation.

At present, almost all scientific institutions in the Czech Republic that are involved in nuclear physics research collaborate with JINR, which provides not only the modern experimental basis but also concentration of the human and scientific potential. Owing to its position in the Russian Federation, JINR opens up the way for cooperation with other Russian scientific centres. Cooperation with JINR also opens up a possibility for the Czech Republic to introduce Czech goods into the new market.

A booklet devoted to cooperation between the Czech Republic and JINR “The Czech Republic and JINR. Long-Term Fruitful Cooperation and Future Prospects”

  • Richard Lednický
    Executive of the contacts between JINR and the Czech Republic, Doctor of Science (Physics and Mathematics), Vice-Director of JINR

  • +7 (49621) 6-51-26

  • lednicky@fzu.cz

Dr. Lednický was born in 1945 in Vítkovice. He graduated from the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of the Charles University in Prague is. He achieved the academic degree of “Doctor of Science” in 1990 for his work on “Multiple Particle and Resonance Production, Spin Correlations”.

Richard Lednický is also one of the leaders of the STAR project at RHIC and the theme “Investigation of nuclear matter properties and particle structure at the collider of relativistic nuclei and polarized protons”. Since 1969 the professional and scientific career of R. Lednický has been connected with the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. His main scientific interests lie within experimental and theoretical physics of elementary particles and involve investigations of multiple production of particles, femtoscopic correlations, spin effects, measurement and QCD analysis of nucleon structure functions. Richard Lednický is author of more than 400 papers and reviews in reputable international journals.

Scientific Themes and Projects

The scientists of the Czech Republic take part in the research work on the following themes of the Topical plan for JINR research and international cooperation for the year 2017:

  • Theoretical physics
    (cooperation on 5 themes);
  • Elementary particle physics and relativistic nuclear physics
    (14 themes);
  • Nuclear physics
    (5 themes);
  • Condensed matter physics, radiation and radiobiological research
    (7 themes);
  • Networks, computing, computing physics
    (2 themes);
  • Educational program
    (1 theme).

Czech scientists in JINR are also acting as leaders or co-leaders of several scientific projects and themes.

The co-leader of the “Non-Accelerator Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics” theme (03-2-1100-2010/2015) is Dr. Alojz Kovalík. Dr. Kovalík is also a co-supervisor of the project GDH&SPASCHARM.

A Czech participant in the BECQUEREL project (leader P.I. Zarubin) is Věra Bradnová, the head of the LHEP group. The project involves e.g.: studies of fragmentation and multi-fragmentation processes, or search for manifestations of collective effects with photoemulsion nuclei at various energies.

The Vice-Director of JINR, Dr. Richard Lednický, is member of the Executive Committee of the NICA/MPD project at JINR. He is also a co-leader of the STAR group at JINR (collaboration with BNL, USA) and a member of the Executive Committee for the DIRAC collaboration.

A large group of scientists from the Czech Republic, headed by Prof. Miroslav Finger (Doctor of Sciences (Physics and Mathematics), professor of the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics at Charles University in Prague, and a staff member of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna for many years), studies spin effects in hadron–nucleon and lepton–nucleon interactions within the scope of the theme “Study of polarization phenomena and spin effects at the JINR Nuclotron-M accelerator complex”, leader A.D. Kovalenko. Since 2002 extensive physics research has been carried out within the programme for the study of the proton, neutron, and deuteron structure and for precision hadron spectroscopy. Participation in the COMPASS project at CERN is still the main priority of the team headed by Prof. M. Finger. The work on further development of the СMS/LHC electromagnetic calorimetry continues as well. Regarding further cooperation between Czech universities and JINR, the team places its hopes on the JINR plans to implement the NICA–Nuclotron–M project embracing both relativistic nuclear physics research and spin experiments with polarized particles.

Plenipotentiary representative

Since March 2014 the Plenipotentiary of the government of the Czech Republic in JINR is Jan Dobeš, the vice director of the Nuclear Physics Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (NPI AS CR).

Jan Dobeš was born in 1944 in Zlín. He graduated from the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering (FNSPE) of the Czech Technical University (CTU). His doctoral thesis “Diffraction Model for Direct Nuclear Reactions” was defended at the Charles University in Prague. His main scientific interests have been the theory of direct and pre­equilibrium nuclear reactions and the theory of nuclear structure – interacting boson model.

He has been member of many international scientific committees, e.g.: Nuclear Physics European Collaboration Committee; Steering Committee – European Fusion Development Agreement; Program Advisory Committee for nuclear physics, Joint Institute of Nuclear Research, Dubna; and others. During his scientific career he has also received several prestigious awards.

Jan Dobeš was director of the NPI AS CR for 12 years: 1998 ­ 2012. Since 2012 he has become the vice director of the aforementioned organization.

More about the Czech Plenipotentiary Jan Dobeš can be found on his personal webpage.

Plenipotentiary representative alternate

Docent Ivan Štekl, Director of the Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics of the Czech Technical University has been approved by the Minister of Education of the Czech Republic as the plenipotentiary representative alternate.

Docent Štekl was born in 1962 in Pardubice. He graduated from the FNSPE CTU with the diploma thesis: “Time base of laser radar”. At the FNSPE CTU, Ivan Štekl also defended his doctoral thesis titled: “Double beta decay of 48Ca”. He was habilitated to Docent in 2005 at the Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia for his work: “Shielding of neutrons and gamma-rays in experiments ATLAS a NEMO”.

Ivan Štekl is internationally recognized expert in the field of radiation shielding and low background technologies. He is a long-term collaborator of the JINR and he is also responsible for the Summer Schools and Practices for the Czech students.

Docent Štekl is author of more than 300 scientific publications with over 4000 citations. He has been investigator or principal investigator of many projects (Center of experimental nuclear astrophysics and nuclear physics; projects INGO: „Non-accelerator astroparticle physics in underground laboratories“; and others) and also a member of many scientific committees (e.g.: Committee for Large Research Infrastructures in the Czech Republic; or Energy Working Group, European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures).

Finance Committee representative

The representative of the Czech Republic in the Finance committee of the JINR is Stanislav Kulhánek from the Ministry of Finance of the Czech Republic. He holds this position since 2010 and he has been repeatedly re-elected as a chairman of this committee. Stanislav Kulhánek is also a member of the Committee for Collaboration of the Czech Republic with the JINR.

Members of the Scientific Council

Professor Ivan Wilhelm, Rector Emeritus of the Charles University in Prague and former member of the Government Council for Research and Development, has been member of the JINR Scientific Council for many years.

Ivan Wilhelm was born in May 1942. He graduated from the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering of the Czech Technical University. He has become a professor of experimental physics in 1999 at the Charles University in Prague. From 2000 till 2006 he held the position of rector of the Charles University, and he was also elected chairman of the Czech Conference of Rectors.

Ivan Wilhelm is an Honorary Doctor of the University of Claude Bernard in Lyon and the Comenius University in Bratislava.

Professor Wilhelm works in the field of experimental nuclear physics and elementary particle physics. He is an author and a co-author of approximately hundred scientific publications. He has participated in numerous conferences and has been invited to give lectures at many Universities abroad. He is a member of many scientific committees, e.g.: Committee on coordination of the Czech Republic in CERN; Committee on coordination of the Czech Republic in JINR; Association of the European Universities and others. During his fruitful career, professor Wilhelm received many awards, e.g.: Award of Vatican – Pontiff Grigory the Great; Medal of the JINR Committee of Plenipotentiaries; or Award of Knights of the academic palms order of the French Republic.

Professor Stanislav Pospíšil, former director of the Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics of the Czech Technical University, has been elected to the JINR Scientific Council in the beginning of 2013.

Stanislav Pospíšil was born in 1942 in Přerov, Czech Republic. He graduated from the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering of the Czech Technical University. He defended his doctoral thesis in Nuclear and Subnuclear Physics at the Charles University. In 2009, he has become the Professeur associé of the University of Montreal, Canada.

His main research activities have been: Neutron physics; Nuclear spectroscopy; Instrumentation for nuclear and sub-nuclear physics (strip and pixel detectors, radiation hardness of detectors); Non-accelerator astroparticle experiments; and many others. He is a member of many scientific and international committees, e.g.: Council of the NPI AS CR, Scientific Council of JINR, or IEEE Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society. He is also an author or co-author of more than 300 publications and he is holding 4 technological patents.

National groups

Over the time, since the foundation of JINR, Czech national group has developed its inner traditions, forms of cooperation and interaction with other groups. The leaders of the national group, appointed by the Plenipotentiary, are playing an organizing role in the life of the national communities.

  • Alojz Kovalík
    Head of the national group of the Czech Republic, Doctor of Science (Physics and Mathematics), Deputy Director of the Dzhelepov Laboratory of Nuclear Problems.

  • +7 (49621) 6-58-95

  • kovalik@nusun.jinr.ru

  • Vratislav Chudoba
    Deputy head of the national group, Ph.D. Research Scientist of the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions

  • +7 (49621) 6-43-80

  • chudoba@jinr.ru

The afore mentioned persons mediate contacts with the Plenipotentiary, Czech Embassy, Directorate and services of the JINR management. They also participate in solving issues connected with the stay of their colleagues-compatriots and members of their families in Russia, and help to organize their life and leisure. 24 Czech experts are employed in the Institute at the moment. Council of the national groups leaders periodically meets with the representatives of the Directorate to discuss the problems that interest the Czech employees.

National holidays
  • 1 January – Restoration Day of the Independent Czech State; New Year’s Day
  • March/April – Good Friday
  • March/April – Easter Monday
  • 1 May – Labour Day
  • 8 May – Liberation Day
  • 5 July – Saints Cyril and Methodius Day
  • 6 July – Jan Hus Day
  • 28 September – St. Wenceslas Day (Czech Statehood Day)
  • 28 October – Independent Czechoslovak State Day
  • 17 November – Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day
  • 24 December – Christmas Eve
  • 25 December – Christmas Day
  • 26 December – St. Stephen’s Day (The Second Christmas Day)
Events

Contact information on the Embassies

Embassy of the Czech Republic in the Russian Federation:

Embassy of the Russian Federation in the Czech Republic: