Czech Republic

General information on collaboration

Czechoslovakia was one of the founder states of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), and the Czech Republic continues its collaboration with JINR in compliance with agreements signed at that time. At the Committee of Plenipotentiaries of the Governments of the JINR Member States on 16-17 March 1993, credential letters of the Czech Republic and of the Slovak Republic representatives were reviewed. The Committee concluded that it “recognized Slovakia and the Czech Republic as legal successors of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic in its rights and obligations as a JINR member”, and since 1 January 1993, the Slovak Republic and the Czech Republic have been JINR Member States.

The Czech Republic, as Czechoslovakia previously, is one of the leading JINR Member States in terms of level of its participation in JINR activities, joint research, and scientific and technology exchange. Czech scientists have made a great contribution to the work of Joint Institute for Nuclear Research: Academicians J. Kožešník and V. Votruba, Professors I. Úlehla, J. Tuček, Č. Šimáně, M. Gmitro, I. Wilhelm, and other researchers. Czech scientists have held high positions of JINR Vice-Directors, Laboratory Deputy Directors, Heads of Departments and Sectors. Among them there are V. Votruba, V. Petržílka, Č. Šimáně, I. Zvára, M. Finger, R. Leitner, A. Kovalík, R. Lednický and others.

Many Czech physicists who have worked at JINR in the past, continue to cooperate with their colleagues from Dubna, e.g. J. Kvasil, S. Kozubek, A. Kugler, L. Majling, J. Pleštil, I. Procházka, I. Štekl, P. Exner, M. Lokajíček, R. Leitner, M. Šumbera, V. Vrba, S. Pospíšil, and Z. Janout. As I. Úlehla said: «The Joint Institute has helped educate many of our specialists not only in the fields of nuclear physics or high- and low-energy physics but also in the fields of mathematics, chemistry and technology related to theoretical and experimental problems in nuclear physics».

Many scientific problems tackled at JINR are being worked on in close cooperation with laboratories of Member States and, vice versa, many problems of interest of laboratories of JINR Member States are being solved with assistance of JINR scientists. In the past, such basic facilities as U–120 cyclotron and microtron were developed at JINR and provided to Czech laboratories. Czech scientists and engineers are highly qualified and hold key positions in scientific teams at JINR. There are now 24 staff members from the Czech Republic at JINR, including JINR Vice-Director Dr. Richard Lednický.

Specialists from Czech institutes come for short-term visits to the JINR laboratories to carry out joint research, and JINR scientists regularly go to the Czech Republic for participating in joint scientific activities and international conferences.

The Czech Republic hosted and organized JINR conferences for many times, including the traditional School and the International Conferences “Symmetries and Spin” in Prague (Chairman of the organizing committee was professor M. Finger). The first such conference was held at JINR in 1975, the last one was organized in Prague in the middle of the Fabruary 2014 with representative participation of scientists from all over the world. Contribution made by professor M. Finger to development of many-year fruitful cooperation of Сzechslovak and then Czech institutes and universities with JINR deserves the highest appreciation.

In May 2009, a seminar dedicated to the 90th anniversary of the outstanding scientist Prof. Č. Šimáně was held at Řež. Prof. Šimáně was JINR Vice-Director in 1973-1977. He was also chairman and a member of many professional and organizing committees and advisory bodies, in particular, for nuclear physics and nuclear power development, as well as member of the Scientific Council of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, member of the scientific councils at NPI (Řež) and the Faculty of Technical and Nuclear Physics of the Czech Technical University in Prague. He was awarded JINR Medal of Honour for outstanding contributions to science and development of JINR.

The Czech Republic takes an active part in the joint educational program: groups of Czech graduate students regularly complete their practical projects at JINR laboratories, which is in great part the result of work of Docent I. Štekl, Deputy Director of the Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics of the Czech Technical University in Prague and former JINR staff member. It is an important new form of collaboration.

Nowadays, almost all scientific institutions in the Czech Republic involved in nuclear physics research collaborate with JINR, which not only provides a modern experimental base but also provides access to considerable human and scientific potential. Owing to its position in the Russian Federation, JINR creates opportunities for cooperation with other Russian scientific centers. Cooperation with JINR also allows Czech laboratories to introduce Czech products in new markets.

Brochure describing collaboration between the Czech Republic and JINR in greater details: “The Czech Republic and JINR. Long-Term Fruitful Cooperation and Future Prospects”

  • Richard Lednický
    Executive of the contacts with the Czech Republic, Doctor of Science (Physics and Mathematics), Deputy Director of JINR

  • +7 (49621) 6-51-26

  • lednicky@fzu.cz

Dr. Lednický was born in 1945 in Vítkovice. He graduated from the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of the Charles University in Prague is. He achieved the academic degree of “Doctor of Science” in 1990 for his work on “Multiple Particle and Resonance Production, Spin Correlations”.

Richard Lednický is also one of the leaders of the STAR project at RHIC and the theme “Investigation of nuclear matter properties and particle structure at the collider of relativistic nuclei and polarized protons”. Since 1969 the professional and scientific career of R. Lednický has been connected with the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. His main scientific interests lie within experimental and theoretical physics of elementary particles and involve investigations of multiple production of particles, femtoscopic correlations, spin effects, measurement and QCD analysis of nucleon structure functions. Richard Lednický is author of more than 400 papers and reviews in reputable international journals.

Scientific Themes and Projects

The scientists of the Czech Republic take part in the research work on the following themes of the Topical plan for JINR research and international cooperation for the year 2018:

  • Theoretical physics
    (cooperation on 5 themes);
  • Elementary particle physics and relativistic nuclear physics
    (18 themes);
  • Nuclear physics
    (4 themes);
  • Condensed matter physics, radiation and radiobiological research
    (6 themes);
  • Networks, computing, computing physics
    (2 themes);
  • Educational program
    (1 theme).

Czech scientists in JINR are also acting as leaders or co-leaders of several scientific projects and themes.

The co-leader of the “Non-Accelerator Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics” theme (03-2-1100-2010/2015) is Dr. Alojz Kovalík. Dr. Kovalík is also a co-supervisor of the project GDH&SPASCHARM.

A Czech participant in the BECQUEREL project (leader P.I. Zarubin) is Věra Bradnová, the head of the LHEP group. The project involves e.g.: studies of fragmentation and multi-fragmentation processes, or search for manifestations of collective effects with photoemulsion nuclei at various energies.

The Vice-Director of JINR, Dr. Richard Lednický, is member of the Executive Committee of the NICA/MPD project at JINR. He is also a co-leader of the STAR group at JINR (collaboration with BNL, USA) and a member of the Executive Committee for the DIRAC collaboration.

A large group of scientists from the Czech Republic, headed by Prof. Miroslav Finger (Doctor of Sciences (Physics and Mathematics), professor of the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics at Charles University in Prague, and a staff member of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna for many years), studies spin effects in hadron–nucleon and lepton–nucleon interactions within the scope of the theme “Study of polarization phenomena and spin effects at the JINR Nuclotron-M accelerator complex”, leader A.D. Kovalenko. Since 2002 extensive physics research has been carried out within the programme for the study of the proton, neutron, and deuteron structure and for precision hadron spectroscopy. Participation in the COMPASS project at CERN is still the main priority of the team headed by Prof. M. Finger. The work on further development of the СMS/LHC electromagnetic calorimetry continues as well. Regarding further cooperation between Czech universities and JINR, the team places its hopes on the JINR plans to implement the NICA–Nuclotron–M project embracing both relativistic nuclear physics research and spin experiments with polarized particles.

Plenipotentiary representative

Since March 2014 the Plenipotentiary of the government of the Czech Republic in JINR is Jan Dobeš, the vice director of the Nuclear Physics Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (NPI AS CR).

Jan Dobeš was born in 1944 in Zlín. He graduated from the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering (FNSPE) of the Czech Technical University (CTU). His doctoral thesis “Diffraction Model for Direct Nuclear Reactions” was defended at the Charles University in Prague. His main scientific interests have been the theory of direct and pre­equilibrium nuclear reactions and the theory of nuclear structure – interacting boson model.

He has been member of many international scientific committees, e.g.: Nuclear Physics European Collaboration Committee; Steering Committee – European Fusion Development Agreement; Program Advisory Committee for nuclear physics, Joint Institute of Nuclear Research, Dubna; and others. During his scientific career he has also received several prestigious awards.

Jan Dobeš was director of the NPI AS CR for 12 years: 1998 ­ 2012. Since 2012 he has become the vice director of the aforementioned organization.

More about the Czech Plenipotentiary Jan Dobeš can be found on his personal webpage.

Plenipotentiary representative alternate

Docent Ivan Štekl, Director of the Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics of the Czech Technical University has been approved by the Minister of Education of the Czech Republic as the plenipotentiary representative alternate.

Docent Štekl was born in 1962 in Pardubice. He graduated from the FNSPE CTU with the diploma thesis: “Time base of laser radar”. At the FNSPE CTU, Ivan Štekl also defended his doctoral thesis titled: “Double beta decay of 48Ca”. He was habilitated to Docent in 2005 at the Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia for his work: “Shielding of neutrons and gamma-rays in experiments ATLAS a NEMO”.

Ivan Štekl is internationally recognized expert in the field of radiation shielding and low background technologies. He is a long-term collaborator of the JINR and he is also responsible for the Summer Schools and Practices for the Czech students.

Docent Štekl is author of more than 300 scientific publications with over 4000 citations. He has been investigator or principal investigator of many projects (Center of experimental nuclear astrophysics and nuclear physics; projects INGO: „Non-accelerator astroparticle physics in underground laboratories“; and others) and also a member of many scientific committees (e.g.: Committee for Large Research Infrastructures in the Czech Republic; or Energy Working Group, European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures).

Finance Committee representative

The representative of the Czech Republic in the Finance committee of the JINR is Stanislav Kulhánek from the Ministry of Finance of the Czech Republic. He holds this position since 2010 and he has been repeatedly re-elected as a chairman of this committee. Stanislav Kulhánek is also a member of the Committee for Collaboration of the Czech Republic with the JINR.

Members of the Scientific Council

Professor Ivan Wilhelm, Rector Emeritus of the Charles University in Prague and former member of the Government Council for Research and Development, has been member of the JINR Scientific Council for many years.

Ivan Wilhelm was born in May 1942. He graduated from the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering of the Czech Technical University. He has become a professor of experimental physics in 1999 at the Charles University in Prague. From 2000 till 2006 he held the position of rector of the Charles University, and he was also elected chairman of the Czech Conference of Rectors.

Ivan Wilhelm is an Honorary Doctor of the University of Claude Bernard in Lyon and the Comenius University in Bratislava.

Professor Wilhelm works in the field of experimental nuclear physics and elementary particle physics. He is an author and a co-author of approximately hundred scientific publications. He has participated in numerous conferences and has been invited to give lectures at many Universities abroad. He is a member of many scientific committees, e.g.: Committee on coordination of the Czech Republic in CERN; Committee on coordination of the Czech Republic in JINR; Association of the European Universities and others. During his fruitful career, professor Wilhelm received many awards, e.g.: Award of Vatican – Pontiff Grigory the Great; Medal of the JINR Committee of Plenipotentiaries; or Award of Knights of the academic palms order of the French Republic.

Professor Stanislav Pospíšil, former director of the Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics of the Czech Technical University, has been elected to the JINR Scientific Council in the beginning of 2013.

Stanislav Pospíšil was born in 1942 in Přerov, Czech Republic. He graduated from the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering of the Czech Technical University. He defended his doctoral thesis in Nuclear and Subnuclear Physics at the Charles University. In 2009, he has become the Professeur associé of the University of Montreal, Canada.

His main research activities have been: Neutron physics; Nuclear spectroscopy; Instrumentation for nuclear and sub-nuclear physics (strip and pixel detectors, radiation hardness of detectors); Non-accelerator astroparticle experiments; and many others. He is a member of many scientific and international committees, e.g.: Council of the NPI AS CR, Scientific Council of JINR, or IEEE Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society. He is also an author or co-author of more than 300 publications and he is holding 4 technological patents.

National groups

Over the time, since the foundation of JINR, Czech national group has developed its inner traditions, forms of cooperation and interaction with other groups. The leaders of the national group, appointed by the Plenipotentiary, are playing an organizing role in the life of the national communities.

  • Alojz Kovalík
    Head of the national group of the Czech Republic, Doctor of Science (Physics and Mathematics), Deputy Director of the Dzhelepov Laboratory of Nuclear Problems.

  • +7 (49621) 6-58-95

  • kovalik@nusun.jinr.ru

  • Vratislav Chudoba
    Deputy head of the national group, Ph.D. Research Scientist of the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions

  • +7 (49621) 6-43-80

  • chudoba@jinr.ru

The afore mentioned persons mediate contacts with the Plenipotentiary, Czech Embassy, Directorate and services of the JINR management. They also participate in solving issues connected with the stay of their colleagues-compatriots and members of their families in Russia, and help to organize their life and leisure. 24 Czech experts are employed in the Institute at the moment. Council of the national groups leaders periodically meets with the representatives of the Directorate to discuss the problems that interest the Czech employees.

National holidays
  • 1 January – Restoration Day of the Independent Czech State; New Year’s Day
  • March/April – Good Friday
  • March/April – Easter Monday
  • 1 May – Labour Day
  • 8 May – Liberation Day
  • 5 July – Saints Cyril and Methodius Day
  • 6 July – Jan Hus Day
  • 28 September – St. Wenceslas Day (Czech Statehood Day)
  • 28 October – Independent Czechoslovak State Day
  • 17 November – Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day
  • 24 December – Christmas Eve
  • 25 December – Christmas Day
  • 26 December – St. Stephen’s Day (The Second Christmas Day)
Events

Contact information on the Embassies

Embassy of the Czech Republic in the Russian Federation:

Embassy of the Russian Federation in the Czech Republic: