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JOINT INSTITUTE FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH
The Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) is an international intergovernmental scientific research organisation established through the Convention signed on 26 March 1956 by eleven founding States and registered with the United Nations on 1 February 1957. It is situated in Dubna not far from Moscow in the Russian Federation.
The Institute was established with the aim of uniting the efforts, scientific and material potentials of its Member States for investigations of the fundamental properties of matter. At present, JINR has 18 Member States: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cuba, the Czech Republic, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Moldova, Mongolia, Poland, Romania, the Russian Federation, the Slovak Republic, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Vietnam. Agreements are signed on the governmental level with Egypt, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Serbia and the Republic of South Africa.
The activities of JINR in Russia are regulated in accordance with the Federal Law "On the ratification of the Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research on the Location and Terms of Activity of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in the Russian Federation". As stated in its Charter, JINR bases its activities on the principles of its openness for participation to all interested states, of their equal and mutually beneficial cooperation.
The main fields of JINR's activity are theoretical and experimental studies in elementary particle physics, nuclear physics, and condensed matter physics. The research policy of JINR is determined by the Scientific Council, which consists of eminent scientists from the Member States as well as famous researchers from China, France, Germany, Greece, India, Italy, Switzerland, the USA, and the European Centre for Nuclear Research (CERN).
There are 7 Laboratories at JINR, by the scope of scientific activities each being compatible with a large research institution. JINR's staff totals about 5000 people, including more than 1200 scientists, 2000 engineers and technicians.
Available at the Institute is a unique choice of experimental facilities. They include: the only in Europe and Asia superconducting accelerator of nuclei and heavy ions the Nuclotron, the U-400 and U-400M cyclotrons used for experiments on the synthesis of heavy and exotic nuclei, the unique IBR-2 reactor used for nuclear physics research with neutrons and condensed matter studies, and a proton accelerator - the phasotron that is used for ray therapy. JINR possesses powerful high productive computing environment that is integrated in the world computer network through high speed communication channels. In 2009 the communication channel "Dubna-Moscow" was launched with the initial capacity of 20 Gbit/s.
In the late 2008 a new basic facility - IREN-I - was successfully launched. The facility is to be used for the studies in nuclear physics with the time-of-flight method in the neutron energy range up to hundreds keV.
The Nuclotron-M project is also successfully progressing. It is to become the basis for the new superconducting collider NICA. The heavy ion complex DRIBs-II is actively under construction as well. According to the schedule, the spectrometer complex is upgraded of the IBR-2M reactor which is included into the 20-year European strategic programme of research in neutron scattering.
The concept of the seven-year plan for the JINR development in 2010-2016 envisages concentration of resources for upgrading the accelerator and reactor base of the Institute and integration of its basic facilities into the common system of the European scientific infrastructure.
One of the main aspects of JINR's activity is its extensive international scientific and technical cooperation: it collaborates with nearly 700 research centres and universities in 64 countries of the world. Only in Russia - the largest JINR partner - the cooperation is conducted with 150 research centres, universities, industrial enterprises and firms from 43 Russian cities.
A bright example is the long-standing collaboration between JINR and CERN, which contributes to a range of theoretical and experimental work in high-energy physics. The considerable contribution to the implementation of the ambitious project of the century - the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) project made by JINR has been highly esteemed by the world scientific community. JINR fulfilled successfully and timely all responsibilities in the design and construction of elements for the ATLAS, CMS, ALICE detectors and LHC machine. The Central Information Computing Centre of the Institute is actively used to solve the tasks related to experiments at the LHC and other scientific projects that demand large-scale calculations.
Over five decades of JINR's existence, a wide range of research has been conducted at this centre and numerous specialists of the highest qualification have been trained for the Member States. Among former JINR trainees are presidents of national academies of sciences, leaders of large nuclear centres and universities in many JINR Member States. JINR means high skill of specialists and good conditions for training and education of talented young people. Over 30 years a branch of Moscow State University has been working in Dubna, the JINR University Centre has been opened, as well as the chairs of theoretical and nuclear physics at the International University of Nature, Society and Man "Dubna".
Above 1500 research papers and reports representing approximately 3000 authors are submitted every year by JINR to editorial boards of journals in many countries and to organising committees of conferences. JINR publications are sent to over 50 countries.
JINR accounts for a half (about 40) of the total number of discoveries in nuclear physics, registered in the former Soviet Union. The decision of the International Committee of Pure and Applied Chemistry to award the name "Dubnium" to element 105 of the Periodic Table can be regarded as a sign of recognition of the outstanding achievements of JINR's staff of researchers in modern physics and chemistry.
Among the latest achievements of the Institute is the programme of superheavy elements' search, and it deserves special mentioning. Scientists of JINR have recently synthesised new long-life superheavy elements with numbers 113, 114, 115 and 116, 117 and 118. These discoveries crowned 35 years of the effort by experimental physicists in different countries who have been searching for the "stability island" of superheavy nuclei.
For more than 15 years, JINR has been participating in the implementation of the programme to establish an innovation belt in Dubna. In 2005, the RF government signed the Resolution "On the establishment of a special economic zone of the technology-innovative type in the territory of Dubna". The specific character of JINR has been revealed in the SEZ appeal: nuclear physics and information technologies. More than 50 innovative projects have been prepared by the Joint Institute to be implemented in the special economic zone; 9 companies - "Dubna" SEZ residents have their origin at JINR.
The Joint Institute is a large multidisciplinary international scientific centre where fundamental nuclear physics research is integrated with the work-out and application of new science-intensive technology and the development of university education in the related fields of science.
Postal address: JINR, Joliot-Curie 6, 141980 Dubna, Moscow region, Russia
Phone: (+7-49621) 65-059. Fax: (+7-495) 632-78-80