Street in Moscow to be named after physicists Ilya Frank and Yulii Khariton

News, 05 May 2017

Two Moscow streets will be named after outstanding Russian physicists Ilya Frank and Yulii Khariton. In addition, according to the press service of the City Mayor, one of the streets will be named Quantum in honour of the term “quantum” meaning in physics the the minimum (indivisible) amount of any physical entity. These names were approved by the Moscow Interdepartmental Commission on Naming.

Academician Chariton street will appear instead of an unnamed driveway in Troitsk, near the Kaluga highway. The place was not chosen by chance: the Troitsk Institute for Innovation and Fusion Research (former I.V.Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy) is situated in immediate proximity. Scientists of this Institute were to close a street in honour of Julius Chariton, who made a huge contribution to the study of nuclear physics Scientists of this Institute has spoken out in favor of naming a street after Yulii Khariton, who contributed greatly to the study of nuclear physics.

Yulii Borisovich Khariton (1904–1996) is academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, one of the greatest physicist theoretician and physical chemis of the twentieth century. He was a Russian physicist who is widely credited as being one of the leading scientist in the Soviet Union’s nuclear bomb program.

Academician Frank street will also appear in Troitsk. This is a new street on territory of the business park “Aspirant”, its is over 600 meters long. It will become a continuation of the existing street of Academician Cherenkov, who was a colleague of Ilya Frank. The RAS P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute and the RAS Institute for Nuclear Research are located near these streets. Ilya Frank and Pavel Cherenkov had worked in these organizations in different years.

Ilya Mikhailovich Frank (1908–1990) is the outstanding scientist in the fields of physical optics, neutron and nuclear physics. He was a Soviet winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1958 jointly with Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov and Igor Y. Tamm, also of the Soviet Union, for the discovery and explanation of the so-called Vavilov-Cherenkov effect. This effect contributed to development of a new method for detecting and measuring the velocity of high-energy nuclear particles.

A driveway that leads to buildings under construction of the business park “Aspirant” will be named as Quantum street this year. It is near the RAS Institute for Nuclear Research, which is worldwide famous for its developments in quantum field theory.