FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF JINR
(Approved by the Committee of Plenipotentiaries of the Governments of the JINR
Member States at its session held on 19–21 November 2009)
The Seven-Year Plan for the Development of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research for the years 2010–2016 has been elaborated on the initiative of the JINR Directorate, supported by the Scientific Council of the Institute and the Committee of Plenipotentiaries of the Governments of the JINR Member States, in line with the strategic provisions of the JINR Road Map (JINR Road Map Updated, JINR Edition 11-8396, 2008).
The concept of the Seven-Year Plan is based on the concentration of resources to update the accelerator and reactor base of the Institute. The key elements of the qualitative improvement of the research infrastructure are the following basic facilities:
- the ion collider NICA (Nuclotron-based Ion Collider fAcility) for research in the field of high-energy heavy-ion physics. Implementation of this project will result in construction of a unique accelerator complex – a cascade of accelerators that will allow a rich programme of fundamental physics studies to be carried out in a region, inaccessible to date, of energies and masses of interacting particles;
- the cyclotron complex DRIBs-III (Dubna Radioactive Ion Beams) for the search for new superheavy elements of Mendeleev’s Periodic Table and for studies of the properties of radioactive and exotic neutron-rich nuclei;
- the modernized reactor IBR-2M for research in condensed matter physics and particularly in the fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology
The Joint Institute for Nuclear Research is an international scientific organization which is open for cooperation with all countries of the world. One of the purposes of this publication is to spread information about the unique basic facilities of the Institute and their subsequent integration into the common European research infrastructure (the European Roadmap for Research Infrastructures).
Particle Physics and High-Energy Heavy-Ion Physics
In line with the JINR Road Map, the following main trends of research in the field of lowenergy nuclear physics will be preserved and further developed in 2010–2016: synthesis and study of the physical and chemical properties of superheavy elements using heavy ions, basic research with neutrons, and applied investigations. Referring to the JINR Road Map, the scientific research in the field of modern elementary particle physics and high-energy heavy-ion physics can be classified into four interrelated directions – the energy-increasing accelerator direction (the Energy Frontier), the intensityincreasing accelerator direction (the Intensity Frontier), the accuracy-increasing non-accelerator direction (the Accuracy Frontier), and the particle astrophysics direction (the Cosmic Frontier). In view of these general directions, within the framework of the new seven-year plan JINR will focus on the following main themes:
- Particle physics research, including neutrino physics and rare phenomena studies (covering the Energy, Intensity, Accuracy, and Cosmic Frontiers), aimed at extending the Standard Model and discovering new fundamental laws of Nature.
- High-energy heavy-ion physics research (Energy and Intensity Frontiers) aimed at establishing unique properties of hadronic matter under conditions of phase transitions between quark and hadronic states of matter.
- Development of new-generation detector systems and accelerator complexes, theoretical support of current and planned experimental investigations, development and maintenance of high-performance telecommunication links and computing facilities at JINR, aimed at providing a comprehensive support for realization of the scientific tasks envisioned by the seven-year plan.
In line with the JINR Road Map, the following main trends of research in the field of lowenergy nuclear physics will be preserved and further developed in 2010–2016: synthesis and study of the physical and chemical properties of superheavy elements using heavy ions, basic research with neutrons, and applied investigations.
The unique opportunities of the JINR heavy-ion accelerators and experimental set-ups have lead to creation of wide international collaborations with research centres of the JINR Member States and with laboratories in other countries oriented on carrying out experiments in Dubna.
Condensed Matter Physics
Current trends in the development of scientific research dictate the necessity of an interdisciplinary approach to addressing scientific problems with the use of complementary nuclear physics methods. JINR possesses a unique experimental base (the pulsed research reactor IBR-2, the FLNR accelerator complex, and the Nuclotron) and a wealth of experience in theoretical studies accumulated at BLTP. This allows the Institute to conduct advanced fundamental and applied research in condensed matter physics and related fields – biology, medicine, materials science, geophysics, engineering diagnostics — aimed at probing the structure and properties of nanosystems, new materials, and biological objects, and at developing new electronic, bio- and information nanotechnologies.
Scientists of the Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics (BLTP) have accumulated unique experience of research in several fundamental areas of theoretical physics: quantum field theory and elementary particle physics, nuclear theory, theory of condensed matter and methods of mathematical physics. The studies conducted at BLTP are interdisciplinary; they are directly integrated into international projects with the participation of scientists from major world research centres and are closely coordinated with JINR experimental programmes. With the launching of the research and education project “Dubna International Advanced School of Theoretical Physics” (DIAS-TH) and with the opening of new departments of theoretical physics at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and at the Dubna International University, closely associated with the JINR University Centre, BLTP has considerably increased its role of an international educational centre for young scientists and students.
In the forthcoming years, the efficiency of work in the above-mentioned directions will be enhanced along the lines shown in the corresponding programme sections below. Research is planned to be enhanced in nuclear and particle astrophysics, hadron physics under extreme conditions (in connection with experimental programmes of the NICA/MPD project, current and future experiments at RHIC, LHC and FAIR), lattice QCD calculations. Studies in condensed matter physics will be more directly coordinated with the requirements of modern nanotechnology development.
An important task for the next seven-year period of activity is the formation of a unified Grid environment of the JINR Member States in which three main levels can be distinguished. The network level comprises high-speed backbones and telecommunication links. The resource level is formed by highly efficient computing clusters, supercomputers, and data storage systems joined into a unified Grid environment. The applied level encompasses sets of research topics the solutions of which have been adapted to the Grid environment and within the framework of corresponding virtual organizations. The elaboration of the network level of the JINR Grid infrastructure includes development and upgrade of the JINR telecommunication links and local network.
The Educational Programme of the JINR University Centre (UC) should be developed in such a way that the issue of providing the Institute with research, engineering and technical staff coming from its Member States is resolved. The most efficient way of achieving this aim is to offer JINR-based Master’s programmes. The UC’s main aim is to provide conditions for a major growth in the number of students and postgraduates from Member States attending the JINR-based programmes. The proposals for addressing the tasks of the UC are drawn up for the following main fields of its activities.
Development of the Engineering Infrastructure
The engineering infrastructure of JINR is the basis for the operation of the Institute and for the implementation of its scientific programme. It is a complex system of interacting elements of which the most important are the following:
- support of the operation of the JINR basic facilities;
- supply of energy resources;
- availability of communication and telecommunication means;
The strategy for the JINR development is determined by the triad “science–education–innovations”. This strategy has been approved by the JINR Committee of Plenipotentiaries, and it meets the interests of transition to innovative economies in the JINR Member States.
The innovative activity programme for 2010–2016 is based on the concept of long-term social and economic development of the Russian Federation, as the host country of the Institute, which is drawn up to the year 2020. Our programme includes a complex of activities which will be carried out in association with state institutes of development of Russia as well as private and state organizations in the JINR Member States.
Human Resources and Social Policy
With a view to increasing the efficiency of the JINR operation, the system of the evaluation and remuneration of labour of scientific and other personnel categories will undergo improvement throughout the next seven-year period. The motivation mechanism for high efficiency in job performance and employee career development will be set up in accordance with the principles applied at major international research centers.
Implementation of the JINR development programme for the period 2010–2016 largely depends on the availability of financial resources and their effective use. The main source of funding for projects is the JINR budget.
The basis for the calculation of resources to be allocated for the development projects of experimental facilities under the next seven-year plan is the budget forecast for the period 2010–2015, adopted by the JINR Committee of Plenipotentiaries, which envisions annual increase of the Institute’s budget.