Finding mass of charged particle according to shape of its trajectory, and hypothesis of anomalous lepton existence test
Publications, 30 June 2023
We offer to your attention a preprint “Finding the mass of a charged particle according to the shape of its trajectory, and hypothesis of anomalous lepton existence test” P1-2023-22 issued by the JINR Publishing Department. The author is Alexander Belyaev.
According to the current state of the theory of particle physics, the number of generations of leptons (and quarks) is three. In this case, however, the mass distribution of the three known leptons is such (me ∼ 100, mμ ∼ 102, mτ ∼ 103 MeV/c2) that the hypothesis of the possible existence of a fourth anomalous lepton with a mass ma ∼ 101 MeV/c2 often arises. Such a large difference in the masses of leptons is not fully explained at present. In this paper, we directly test the hypothesis of the existence of a lepton with a mass ma ∼ 101 MeV/c2. Thus, a method is proposed for finding the mass of a charged particle by the spatial trace (track) left by it, passing through matter in a uniform magnetic field near the stopping point. In the projection of the spatial track onto a plane perpendicular to the direction of the field, the particle trajectory is approximated by a helix (“hadroide”), one of whose parameters is proportional to the particle mass. The initial energy of the particle does not matter for this problem. In accordance with the method, the mass of the particle is found.
The study has been carried out at the Veksler and Baldin Laboratory of High Energy Physics JINR and sent to the journal “Physics of Elementary Particles and Atomic Nuclei, Letters”.