Laboratories

Veksler and Baldin Laboratory of High Energy Physics

The scientific activities of the laboratory are concentrated on the following trends of research: heavy ion physics at high energies, spin physics, as well as urgent issues of elementary particle physics related to checking of the Standard Model (SM), search for new physics beyond the SM borders and CP-violation.

More information about the VBLHEP activities

The studies are conducted both at “home” accelerator facilities and in the largest accelerator centres: CERN, BNL, GSI, and others.

The laboratory staff members contribute much to joint research at the experimental facilities: COMPASS, NA61, NA62, STAR, CMS, ALICE, ATLAS, HADES, and many others.

A project was designed and has been under way of an accelerator complex at the laboratory. The complex includes the upgraded accelerator Nuclotron-M, a booster and the heavy nuclei collider NICA. Two collider facilities are being developed – MPD (Multi Purpose Detector) and SPD (Spin Physics Detector), as well as the set-up BM@N (study of Baryonic Matter at the Nuclotron) to investigate beams extracted from the Nuclotron.

The main aim of the NICA project is to conduct experimental research in extreme states of hadron (strongly interacting) matter in the domains of phase transitions. The research will be conducted at the interacting ion beams in the range of 4-11 GeV/n, at the polarized proton and deuteron beams (with longitudinal and transverse polarization), as well as at extracted ion beams, and polarized proton and deuteron beams.

The laboratory staff members are the authors of distinctive ideas to solve problems in accelerator techniques and technology of superconducting magnets that have been acknowledged and developed in largest accelerator centres of the world. The laboratory specialists are well-known for their elaborations of detector equipment. They made a considerable contribution to the development of experimental facilities at CERN, BNL, GSI.Now, in collaboration with leading specialists from these centres, they design detector systems for set-ups of the NICA complex, FAIR and the LHC facilities’ upgrade.

It is planned to establish a multi-access centre in the frames of the joint RF-JINR megaproject NICA to conduct research in relativistic nuclear physics and innovative and applied studies, employing uniquebeams of relativistic ions that are provided by the accelerators of thecomplex. The massive innovation potential is in the use of unique beams of the Nuclotron and the booster in radiobiological research and electronics testing, for the tasks to check the conditions for living organisms and equipment in strong space radiation. Facilities and new methods of ray therapy are developed for the medical-biological studies and treatment of oncological diseases.

The studies in the frames of the programme “Energy and Transmutation” are characterized as highly potential. They are aimed at the work-out of methods to rehandle (deactivate) nuclear energy industry wastes using accelerators, and the solution of the issue of electro-nuclear facilities’ development.

Vladimir D. KEKELIDZE

Direc­tor, VBLHEP JINR

Kekelidze

Curriculum vitae

 

phone: +7 (49621) 6-58-15, 6-53-06

fax: +7 (49621) 6-57-67

e-mail: kekelidze@jinr.ru

Dzhelepov Laboratory of Nuclear Problems

The Laboratory of Nuclear Problems (LNP) is mainly occupied with the research in neutrino physics and astrophysics. Other important trends are the studies in particle physics at high and superhigh energy, design and development of modern measuring equipment, applied research, in particular, proton therapy and development of a medical accelerator complex. Research in neutrino properties is a traditional direction at DLNP, established by Bruno Pontecorvo.

More information about the DLNP activities

The experiments of first priority are the projects “Baikal” and DANSS at the Kalinin NPS. The neutrino telescope at Baikal is a part of an integrated neutrino research net that allows global monitoring of all interplanetary space. The project DANSS is aimed at the development of a compact neutrino spectrometer that does not contain any dangerous liquid and can be positioned very close to the operation area of an industrial atomic reactor.

DLNP scientists take part in world-class experiments to study the process of the double neutrinoless beta decay (SuperNEMO, GERDA-MAJORANA), neutrino oscillations (Daya Bay/JUNO, NOvA,OPERA). At the Kalinin NPS experiments in the measurement of the neutrino magnetic moment, search for sterile neutrino, direct measurements of antineutrino from the reactor and studies of coherent neutrino scattering are held (GEMMA, DANSS, vGeN).

Another trend of studies at DLNP is the search for rare and/or prohibited processes. The laboratory specialists take part in experiments that have maximal sensitivity to new physics, such as search for radiation decay into electron and photon (the MEG project) and search for muon-electron conversion on nuclei (the projects MU2E, COMET). DLNP physicists are involved in the studies of high energy space rays, in experiments of the search for dark matter (the projects “Baikal”, TAIGA, EDELWEISS). Staff members of the laboratory have obtained physics results of fundamental value at the LHC collider in the ATLAS experiment.

The activities in the development and upgrading of the Phasotron are very important for physics and applied research, designing of semiconductor, scintillation and cryogenic detectors and development of new generation detection systems. DLNP physicists take part in upgrading of cyclotrons both in Russia and abroad (Poland, Serbia, Japan). Specialized cyclotrons for radiological medicine are under elaboration: for hadron therapy and acquisition of PET-isotopes (Isotopes for positron-emission tomographs).

A Medical-Technical Complex (MTC) has been developed and operates on the basis of the Phasotron. The technique of the 3D conformal proton irradiation of deep located tumours has been implemented here for the first time in Russia. With this method, the maximum of the generated dose distribution most precisely corresponds to the target shape that makes it possible to treat oncological patients with various neoplasms very effectively. Over the last few years about 100 patients annually have taken the MTC proton beam treatment.

Vadim A. BEDNYAKOV

Direc­tor, DLNP JINR

Bednyakov

Curriculum vitae

 

phone: +7 (49621) 6-21-21, 6-52-63

fax: +7 (49621) 6-66-66

e-mail: bedny@jinr.ru

Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics

The Laboratory of Theoretical Physics (LTP) is one of the largest in the world institutions of theoretical physics. The scientific programme of the laboratory includes research in the key fields of fundamental theoretical physics, i.e. quantum field theory and elementary particle physics, nuclear theory, condensed matter theory and the development of mathematical physics methods. The choice of theoretical fields of research at the laboratory was greatly influenced by outstanding scientists – D.Blokhintsev, N.Bogoliubov, M.Markov. The interrelations of modern mathematical physics, nuclear and particle physics with astrophysics and cosmology plays a growing role in the research.

More information about the BLTP activities

The research topics in elementary particle physics at BLTP are specified by physics programmes of international collaborations (the LHC, RHIC, FAIR, K2K, etc.) and JINR basic facilities, primarily, the NICA/MPD project.

The studies are focused on the precision checking of the Standard Model (SM), new physics beyond its borders, hadron structure and spin physics, phase transitions in hot and dense hadron matter and the mixed quark-hadron phase, neutrino physics, the dark matter problem and astrophysics aspects in elementary particle physics.

The following studies are also important in nuclear and heavy ion physics: exploring the structure of the nuclei that are far from the stability line; nuclear reactions; few-body systems; heavy ion interactions at intermediate and high energies. In the frames of these studies, new methods that exceed the limits of the mean field and random phase approximations are evolved, together with new strict approaches in the theory of nuclear reactions, models and methods of description of the nuclear matter state equation.

Theoretical research in condensed matter physics is aimed at the support of experimental studies of the characteristics of various modern nanomaterials and nanostructures. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the systems with strong electron correlation, to the studies of new cooperate phenomena, new types of ordering, magnetism in low-dimension systems and quantum critical phenomena.

The research at BLTP is interdisciplinary; it is directly integrated into international projects and is closely coordinated with JINR experimental programmes.

As an educational centre for young scientists and students from many countries, BLTP has widened its traditional activities in this sphere, having implemented the scientific-educational project “Dubna International School on Theoretical Physics (DIAS-TH)” and opened new chairs of theoretical physics of the Moscow Physical-Technical Institute and the International University “Dubna”, closely cooperating with the University Centre (UC) of JINR.

The structure, the level and the style of the scientific and educational work of the laboratory are in tune with the tasks and challenges in the modern theoretical physics.

Dmitri I. KAZAKOV

Direc­tor, BLTP JINR

Kazakov

Curriculum vitae

 

phone: +7 (49621) 6-56-87

e-mail: kazakovd@theor.jinr.ru

Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics

An ambitious comprehensive scientific programme of studies of the neutron as an elementary particle and its application in nuclear physics, condensed matter physics and other modern trends of applied research is developed at the Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics (FLNP).

More information about the FLNP activities

The main topics in nuclear physics are the following: studies of neutron properties and physics of ultracold nuclear reactions under the action of neutrons, fundamental, applied and methodical research, elaboration and development of neutron and other ionizing radiation detectors.

The fundamental and applied research in condensed matter physics conducted at the laboratory is aimed at the studies of the structure and dynamics of condensed matter, structural-optical properties, morphology of the condensed matter surface, accumulation of new data on microscopic properties of the studied systems (strong correlated electron systems, low-dimensional systems, heterostructures, polymers, colloid systems, biological objects, nanomaterials, rocks, minerals, etc.), measurement of internal stress in 3D materials and products, experimental checking of theoretical predictions and models, discovery of new regularities.

The main basic facility of the laboratory is the IBR-2 pulsed reactor on fast neutrons that after upgrading keeps its parameters on the world-class level and is the only facility of such class in the world.

The reactor is equipped with a spectrometer complex that allows a wide range of research in topical trends of nuclear physics and condensed matter physics. A wide user-friendly programme at the spectrometer complex of IBR-2 provides all interested scientists (physicists, chemists, biologists, geologists, specialists in material science) with user time on the competitive basis to obtain opportunities to use the spectrometers and get high qualified support of leading specialists of the laboratory.

The programme of the IBR-2 spectrometer complex development includes the provision of the efficient operation of the equipment, elaboration of experimental methods and the development of new modern facilities intended for farsighted trends of research.

At present, a new JINR basic facility of the laboratory – the resonance neutron source IREN – is prepared to achieve its design parameters. IREN is intended to solve a wide range of tasks in fundamental and applied nuclear physics. The facility is designed for research in nuclear physics with the time-of-flight method in the neutron energy range up to dozens keV and studies of photonuclear reactions.

In the frames of the TANGRA project (TAgged Neutrons&Gamma RAys) the application of the method of tagged neutrons is studied, with a neutron generator ING-27 with a built-in detector of alpha particles and the multidetector system “Romashka” of 24 NaI(Tl) scintillation counters. Applied research to develop this method of non-destructive elemental analysis and fundamental experiments to study interaction of fast neutrons with nuclei are held.

The Laboratory of Neutron Physics of JINR successfully cooperates with the RAS Institute of Space Research in the field of design and development of neutron, gamma-quanta and charged particles’ detectors for spacecrafts. High energy neutron detectors HEND and LEND successfully operate at the orbiters of NASA; the device DAN is included into the equipment set of the Mars Science Laboratory and operates on board the Curiosity rover.

Valery N. SHVETSOV

Direc­tor, FLNP JINR

Shvetsov

Curriculum vitae

 

phone: +7 (49621) 6-56-57

fax: +7 (49621) 6-50-85

e-mail: shv@nf.jinr.ru

Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions

The scientific programme of the laboratory includes experimental research in the synthesis and studies of nuclear physics and chemical properties of new superheavy elements, fusion and fission reactions and multi-nucleon transfer in heavy-ion collisions; studies of the properties of nuclei on the border of the nucleon stability and mechanisms of nuclear reactions with accelerated radioactive nuclei; studies of interaction of heavy ions with various materials (polymers, semiconductors, electronic components of space equipment, etc.).

More information about the FLNR activities

The scientific programme of the laboratory includes experimental research in the synthesis and studies of nuclear physics and chemical properties of new superheavy elements, fusion and fission reactions and multi-nucleon transfer in heavy-ion collisions; studies of the properties of nuclei on the border of the nucleon stability and mechanisms of nuclear reactions with accelerated radioactive nuclei; studies of interaction of heavy ions with various materials (polymers, semiconductors, electronic components of space equipment, etc.).

Six new heavy elements with the atomic numbers 113-118 have been synthesized for the recent years, along with about 50 new isotopes of transactinoid elements. The existence of “the stability island” of superheavy elements with the centre near Z = 114 and N = 184 has been for the first time directly testified in experiments.

The year 2012 was marked with a significant event – the joint committee of the International Unions of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) and Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) officially acknowledged the priority of the Russian-American group of scientists in the discovery of new superheavy elements of the D.Mendeleev Table – 114 and 116 – at the accelerator complex of the Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions (LNR) of JINR. These elements are named flerovium – in honour of the laboratory and its founder Academician G.Flerov – and livermorium – in honour of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the city of Livermore (USA).

The studies of chemical properties of superheavy elements with Z = 112, 113 and 114 have been successfully developing. In particular, it was discovered that element 112 is a heavier homolog of Zn-Cd-Hg in its chemical properties, i.e. it is referred to group 12 of the D.Mendeleev Periodic Table.

In the frames of the seven-year plan of the development of JINR, the first priority project of the laboratory is the DRIBs-III project that includes the development of “the factory of superheavy elements” on the basis of the new accelerator DC-280 which is aimed at obtaining high intensive (10-20 pμA) ion beams of average mass (Ca-48, Ti-50, Ni-64, etc.) for further development of studies on the synthesis and research of properties of superheavy elements. The development of the project implies the upgrade of the accelerator complex for radioactive beams on the basis of the cyclotrons U-400 and U-400M that will serve the purpose of obtaining monochromatic beams of radioactive and stable nuclei.

Applied research at LNR is connected with studies in the field of nanotechnology, radiation resistance of materials, surface modification. Their further progress is connected to the development of a specialized hall equipped with modern devices for analysis and testing (the joint project of JINR and SC ROSNANO).

A special issue in applied research at LNR is the construction of heavy ion accelerator complexes for industrial production of track membranes: the DC-60 cyclotron for Eurasian State University (Astana, Kazakhstan); the DC-110 cyclotron for the company NANOKASKAD in the Special Economic Zone “Dubna”. Over the last few years the amount of experiments on testing electronic components has considerably grown for the purposes of the Federal Space Agency (Roskosmos). This research is conducted in wide international cooperation with JINR Member States and leading nuclear physics centres of the world.

Sergey N. DMITRIEV

Direc­tor, FLNR JINR

Dmitriev

Curriculum vitae

 

phone: +7 (49621) 6-21-92, 6-58-58

fax: +7 (49621) 2-89-33

e-mail: dmitriev@jinr.ru

Laboratory of Information Technologies

The main directions of the activities at the Laboratory of Information Technologies (LIT) are connected with the provision of networks, computer and information resources, as well as mathematical support of a wide range of research at JINR in high energy physics, nuclear physics, condensed matter physics, etc.

More information about the LIT activities

LIT activities in network, computer and information resources includes the following tasks: provision of the Institute and JINR Member States with high-speed telecommunication channels; development of a high-speed, fail-safe and protected computer network at JINR; support of the distributed high-productive computer infrastructure and mass memory system; provision of informational and software support of the scientific and industrial activities of the Institute; development of the enterprise information system: elaboration of the JINR grid-segment and its introduction into the world grid-structure.

LIT possesses a fast communication channel “Dubna-Moscow” on the basis of the DWDM technology with starting capacity of 20 Gbit/s. The JINR core network that overlaps all laboratories and divisions of JINR in a single computer network is constructed with the Gigabit Ethernet technology, with data transfer speed of 10 Gbit/s.

The JINR Central Information Computer Complex (CICC) is the core of the computer infrastructure of the Institute. CICC JINR has powerful high-productive computer resources that are integrated into the world computer networks by means of the high-speed communication channels.

The Institute grid-segment developed on the CICC basis is an important element of the RDIG (Russian Data Intensive Grid), WLCG (Worldwide LHC Computing Grid) and EGI (European gridinfrastructure).

It provides support for virtual organization of international projects, including those at the LHC. Over 5 million tasks are solved annually at CICC JINR. Computing environment and data storage systems are controlled by the basic software that allows the use CICC resources in both international projects for distributed calculations (ATLAS, ALICE, CMS, PANDA, CBM, BES, NICA/MPD, etc.) and “home” research by JINR users.

A centre of the Tier-1 level is developed on the basis of CICC JINR for the CMS experiment (LHC). The Тier-1 centre will be used as a part of global system of experimental data processing, as well as handling the data of events’ simulation that arrives from the centre Tier0 (CERN), and the centres Tier-1 and Tier-2, the global gridsystem WLCG for the experiment CMS.

Today LIT JINR works actively to integrate the distributed calculations system for the solution of large-scale tasks using the Big Data Technology. A cloud infrastructure is developed at the laboratory that provides users with cloud services. A distributed training research grid-infrastructure is developed at LIT to educate students and specialists that is represented by popular modern techniques of distributed calculations.

A heterogeneous cluster «HybriLIT» is introduced into CICC JINR to conduct calculations with parallel programming technology.

Mathematical support of experimental and theoretical research conducted with direct JINR involvement includes research on the advanced level in computational mathematics and physics. The aim of these studies is the development of mathematical methods, algorithms and programmes for numerical and symbol-numerical simulation of physical processes, experimental data processing and analysis with the latest computational hardware.

Vladimir V. KORENKOV

Direc­tor, LIT JINR

Korenkov

Curriculum vitae

 

phone: +7 (49621) 6-25-26

fax: +7 (49621) 6-51-45

e-mail: korenkov@jinr.ru

Laboratory of Radiation Biology

The main research trends at the laboratory are: radiation genetics and radiobiology; radiation physiology and neurochemistry; mathematical modeling of biophysical systems; astrobiology; physics of radiation protection and radiation research at JINR facilities for nuclear physics.

More information about the LRB activities

The Laboratory of Radiation Biology (LRB) was organized in 2005 on the basis of the JINR Division of Radiation and Radiobiological Research. The laboratory structure includes the departments of radiobiology and radiation research and a sector of astrobiology.

In 2008 an important decision was taken on scientific-advice guidance of the laboratory from the side of the RAS Department of Biological Sciences.

Owing to a wide range of radiation sources at JINR, LRB can rightly be regarded as a leader among other scientific organizations of Russia and JINR Member States in the studies of regularities and mechanisms of biological action of ionizing radiation with various physical characteristics.

Using nuclear physics facilities of the Institute, the laboratory staff members are able to obtain unprecedented data of fundamental character and wide application.

An international research programme in radiobiology is implemented at the laboratory. It includes studies of different aspects of the action of heavy charged particles on the molecular, cell, tissue, organ and organism levels of biological organization. Important research also comprises studies on disturbances in the central nervous system (CNS) of experimental animals as it is necessary to regard CNS a “critical” system when evaluating the risks of radiation exposure of human organism in long inter-planet space flights outside the magnetosphere of the Earth.

A new trend of research is developed at the laboratory – astrobiology which is very popular in the world now. Astrobiological research is conducted in collaboration with specialists from universities of Italy onthe synthesis of prebiotic compounds from formamide in proton irradiation in the presence of catalyzers obtained from meteorites of different classes. Studies are held of biogeochemical character of space dust; of the traces of microorganisms’ life activity in meteorites and early terrestrial rocks; of the research of space substance with nuclear physics methods.

he Laboratory of Radiation Biology cooperates with scientific institutions from JINR Member States and other countries: Armenia, Belarus, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Egypt, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Moldova, Mongolia, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Ukraine, and Vietnam.

For over 20 years the chair of biophysics of the International University “Dubna” has been functioning on the basis of the laboratory. It trains radiobiology specialists. Its graduates can continue their education at the post-graduate courses in the speciality “Radiobiology”.

Evgeny A. KRASAVIN

Direc­tor, LRB JINR

Krasavin

Curriculum vitae

 

phone:+7 (49621) 6-57-40

fax: +7 (49621) 6-59-48

e-mail: krasavin@jinr.ru

JINR University Centre

The JINR University Centre (UC) was established in 1991 to implement the educational programme of the Institute that is aimed, primarily, at training high-quality young specialists for research at JINR and scientific centres of the Member States. The main efforts are directed to implement the concept of “the continuous education” school – university – research centre. With this purpose, favourable conditions for students and post-graduates are established and improved to enable them to take part in the research in scientific groups of the Institute.

More information about the UC activities

Annually, above 400 senior students and post-graduates from universities of JINR Member States have training and practice courses under the guidance of leading scientists of the Institute.

A big amount of applications for the courses encourages the administration to invite most gifted young people to work later at JINR.

The UC internet site (uc.jinr.ru) is regularly updated in the contents of the training courses on particle physics and quantum field theory, mathematical and statistical physics, condensed matter physics, physics of nanostructures and neutron physics, nuclear physics, physical facilities and information technology.

It is considered a good approach to organize international student practice courses in research trends of JINR and a new summer student programme to attract talented young people to the Institute. The participants of these programmes listen to lectures by leading scientists and specialists of JINR and do academic research projects in scientific laboratories of the Institute. The constant growth of the applications number demonstrates big interest of young scientists from JINR Member States in participation in these programmes. The UC is the direct organizer of these international summer scientific schools.

In the frames of international cooperation close ties are maintained with universities of Belarus, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Ukraine. Since 2014 a programme has been started for students and post-graduates of JINR Member States that makes it possible for them to take part in fundamental and applied research in scientific centres of the Czech Republic.

JINR and CERN organize annual scientific schools for teachers of physics from JINR Member States.

The Engineering Research Team has been organized on the basis of the UC to implement educational programmes to train engineers-physicists at operating modern facilities and at those that are under construction, along with a department for elaboration and development of educational programmes.

A complex of university laboratories is developed at JINR to train physicists for the basic chairs of JINR and “Dubna” University. It is equipped with modern accessories and unique facilities. Laboratory practice classes are held here in atomic physics, optics and molecular physics. A university laboratory for nuclear physics studies is also launched.

The UC is equipped with modern facilities to hold video conferences for meetings of JINR and CERN scientists with students from JINR Member States.

The UC also organizes training courses and skill improvement for workers, engineers and office employees.

Stanislav Z. PAKULIAK

Direc­tor, UC JINR

Pakuliak

Curriculum vitae

 

phone: +7 (49621) 6-50-89

fax: +7 (49621) 6-58-51

e-mail: stanislav.pakuliak@jinr.ru