General information on collaboration
Romania was one of the founder states of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) since 26 March 1956.
Romania is one of the important JINR Member States in the amount of participation in the JINR activities, joint research, and scientific and technological relations. The basis of the Romanian participation to the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research was laid down by the famous Romanian scientist, Academician Horia Hulubei. During the first decades of the JINR, outstanding contributions to the JINR activity were brought by the Romanian scientists, Academicians Șerban Țițeica, Ioan Ursu, and Aureliu Săndulescu, Professor Alexandru Mihul.
Romanian physicists actively participated in scientific research of the Institute. Well known Romanian scientists contributed to the management of the Institute and of its laboratories:
JINR Vice Directors:
- Șerban Țițeica – 1962–1964
- Alexandru Mihul — 1970–1973
- Aureliu Săndulescu — 1983–1986
- LHE Deputy Director Ovidiu Balea — 1975–1978
- FLNR Deputy Director Aureliu Sandulescu — 1974–1977
- FLNP Deputy Director Nicolae Popa — 2002–2006
- LIT Deputy Director Gheorghe Adam — 2003–2009
- LIT Deputy Director Sanda Adam — 2009–2013
- LIT Deputy Director Gheorghe Adam — 2013 – till now
- FLNP Deputy Director Otilia Culicov — 2013 – till now
In recognizance of the merits of the Romanian scientists to the JINR development, on the occasion of the 40-th Anniversary of the Joint Institute, the Committee of the Member States Plenipotentiary Representatives decided on 25 March 1996 to name alleys on the Institute laboratory grounds in honour of the eminent scientists Horia Hulubei and Șerban Țițeica.
While often expressing specific positions on JINR practical matters, Romania has always recognized the JINR importance for the development of its national centres, for the development of the mutual collaboration.
The two-sided JINR – Romania cooperation reflects the general fact that many scientific problems dealt with at JINR are being solved in close cooperation with research centers of JINR Member States and, vice versa, many problems tackled in the JINR Member States are being solved with assistance of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. Concerning the past, we can emphasize the high interest of the Romanian scientists for heavy ion physics in the seventies-eighties of the past century. Romania actively took part in the buildup of the FLNR cyclotron complex. In particular, in Romania there was made the transportation system with extracted beams of the U-400 accelerator.
The round-table “Romania at JINR”, held as a part of the Scientific JINR Council in June 2003, was done with the participation of a representative delegation from all large Romanian cities involved in cooperation with JINR.
In 2008, a seminar dedicated to the centenary celebration of the outstanding Romanian scientist Șerban Țițeica was held at BLTP JINR with attendance of H.E. Constantin Mihail Grigorie, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Romania to the Russian Federation.
In the end of the November 2010 Session of the Committee of the Plenipotentiary Representatives at JINR, the National day of Romania was celebrated with the attendance of the Romanian Ambassador and the Plenipotentiary Representative of the Romanian Government at JINR. For the first time, a week of the Romanian cinema was organized in Dubna by the Romanian Institute of Culture.
Specific items concerning the cooperation are defined in two-sided protocols for joint research.
The two joint programmes (Țițeica-Markov in theoretical physics and Hulubei-Meshcheryakov in information technologies and computational physics) and the about 100 periodically renewed protocols signed with all the JINR laboratories and the JINR University Center are the compulsory basis for the approval of the grant and project proposals of the Plenipotentiary Representative of the Romanian Government at JINR. Through this mechanism, all the significant Romanian centers are involved in the cooperation with the JINR.
The backbone of the cooperation is secured by the long-term hired Romanian scientists in JINR. During the last years, their number was maintained at a level of about 20 people, both experienced and young. JINR is a very good place for starting scientific careers. Successful recent instances are: Eugen Anitas (Head of Sector in BLTP since 2014), Raul Erhan (Senior researcher in FLNP), Mihaela Paraipan (Senior researcher in VBLHEP). Promising progress was registered by Horia Pasca (BLTP – Nuclear Physics), Iulia Harca (FLNR – Synthesis of Super heavy elements), and Cristina Oancea (DLNP – Proton therapy). The communication made at the 119-th JINR Scientific Council Session: “Energy dependence of mass, charge, isotopic and energy distributions in neutron-induced fission of 235U and 239Pu” by Horia Pasca (selected for presentation at the previous session of the NP-PAC) was highly appreciated. His contribution to the “Cluster approach for describing nuclear fission” (in a group of seven) was rewarded with the 1st JINR Prize 2016.
Specialists from Romanian institutes come on short-term visits to the JINR laboratories for carrying out joint research and participation in international conferences, and JINR scientists regularly go to Romania for joint scientific activities, to international conferences and schools. During the last decade, it should be emphasized the significant contribution of LIT-JINR scientists and specialists to the development of the WLCG Grid infrastructure in Romania. Both the LIT and Romanian scientists actively contribute to the periodic Grid Conferences organized in JINR and Romania.
Romania is a hospitable host of JINR scientists participating in traditional schools and international conferences. Since its first 1964 edition, the “Carpathian Summer School of Physics” has regularly had keynote speakers coming from JINR. At its 27th edition in June-July 2016, a special round table was devoted to the 60th JINR Anniversary.
A traditional form of involvement of JINR in the growth of young Romanian scientists is their participation in educational programs at JINR. Since the seventies of the past century, groups of senior Romanian students regularly do their summer practice at JINR laboratories. During the last years, their number has significantly grown up, reaching 20 students in 2016. There is a vivid interest of the Romanian young people in the important form of new cooperation, defined within the JINR Summer Student Program.
Vladimir Vasilievich Korenkov
Executive of the contacts with Romania, LIT Director.
+7 (49621) 6-25-26
The scientists of Romania take part in the research work on the following themes of the Topical plan for JINR research and international cooperation for the year 2018:
- Theoretical Physics
Cooperation on 4 themes
- Elementary Particle Physics and Relativistic Nuclear Physics
Cooperation on 8 themes
- Nuclear physics
Cooperation on 4 themes
- Condensed Matter Physics, Radiation and Radiobiological Research
Cooperation on 7 themes
- Networking, Computing, Computational Physics
Cooperation on 2 themes
- Educational Programme
Cooperation on 1 theme
Romanian scientists in JINR are acting as co-leaders of a scientific theme and of two activities and experiments.
In LIT JINR, Gheorghe Adam has been a co-leader of the “Mathematical Support of Experimental and Theoretical Studies Conducted by JINR” (theme 05-6-1060-2005/2013) and of the “Methods, Algorithms and Software for Modeling Physical Systems, Mathematical Processing and Analysis of Experimental Data” (theme 05-6-1119-2014/2019).
Within the theme “Investigations of Condensed Matter by Modern Neutron Scattering Methods” (04-4-1121-2015/2017), Maria Balasoiu is the leader of the FLNP data taking activity on structural characterization of polymer nanodispersed materials.
Within the theme “Development and Construction of the Prototype of a Complex for Radiotherapy and Applied Research with Heavy-Ion Beams at the Nuclotron-M” (02-1-1107-2011/2016), Mihaela Paraipan was a co-leader of the data taking, data processing and upgrade activities on the study of radioactive waste transmutation and research on neutron generation and energy release in heavy targets (Pb, U, Th, etc.) at the Nuclotron deuteron and neutron beams within the energy interval from 0.5 to 6 GeV/nucleon.
There are currently 22 Romanian institutes and universities doing research in collaboration with JINR. The most active partners:
- Horia Hulubei National Institute for R&D in Physics and Nuclear Engineering – IFIN-HH (Bucharest) (19 themes)
- University of Bucharest – UB (Bucharest) (10 themes)
- National Institute for Research and Development in Electrical Engineering (INCDIE ICPE-CA) (Bucharest) (6 themes)
- Institute of Space Science – ISS (Bucharest) (8 themes).
- National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies – INCDTIM (Cluj-Napoca) (3 themes).
The largest scientific project ever implemented in Romania, the “Extreme Light Infrastructure – Nuclear Physics (ELI-NP)” is currently under construction in Bucharest-Magurele, under the leadership of Acad. Nicolae Victor Zamfir, the Plenipotentiary Representative of the Romanian Government at JINR during 2005-2016. ELI-NP will create a new European laboratory to consistently investigate a very broad range of science domains, from new fields of fundamental physics, new nuclear physics and astrophysics topics, to applications in material science, life sciences and nuclear materials management. Undoubtedly, this will open a broad range of topics of mutual cooperation with the JINR.
Since 21-st of July 2016, the Plenipotentiary Representative of the Government of Romania at JINR is Dr. Florin-Dorian Buzatu, the Director General (since 2008) of the Institute of Atomic Physics (IFA), Măgurele-Bucharest, Romania.
Florin-Dorian Buzatu was born on 17-th April 1957. He graduated from the Faculty of Physics of the University of Bucharest in 1982 with the specialization in nuclear physics. His doctoral thesis “Contributions to the study of the one-dimensional Hubbard model” was defended in 1994 at the Institute of Atomic Physics (IFA). His main scientific interests have been related to the theory of condensed matter physics: strongly correlated electrons, one-dimensional fermionic models, phase transitions in electron and molecular systems.
His current management tasks include the coordination of the Research and Development (R&D) programmes supporting the Romanian participation in European cooperation projects (EURATOM, F4E, CERN, ELI-NP, FAIR, CEA). He has brought a significant contribution to the coordination of the preparation of the Romania’s Application file for hosting the Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI) during the ELI Preparatory Phase (2008-2010).
His professional career started at Horia Hulubei National Institute for R&D in Physics and Nuclear Engineering in Bucharest-Magurele (IFIN-HH). He has grown as a prominent scientist and a R&D management leader within IFIN-HH, with which he remained closely associated over the years. In his capacity as Scientific Director of IFIN-HH, during March 2005 – January 2008, Dr. Florin-Dorian Buzatu coordinated the preparation of the Romania Application file for membership at CERN and the Core Financing Programme of the Institute.
The five-year period (1991-1996) spent in the Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics of the JINR and the three-year fellowship (1998-2001) at the Department of Chemistry of the Texas Christian University (Fort Worth, TX, USA) were particularly beneficial and valuable for his scientific achievements.
Plenipotentiary Representatives of the Government of Romania at JINR since 2005
2005 – 2016
- Nicolae-Victor Zamfir, Member of Romanian Academy, General Director of the Horia Hulubei National Institute for R&D in Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH) in Bucharest-Magurele, Director of the “Extreme Light Infrastructure – Nuclear Physics (ELI-NP)” Project;
- Florin-Dorian Buzatu, Director General of the Institute of Atomic Physics (IFA), Măgurele-Bucharest, Romania.
Gheorghe Stratan – professor of Horia Hulubei National Institute for R&D in Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH) (Bucharest), head of the Babeș-Bolyai University faculty (Cluj-Napoca, Romania) (2003-2009). He was born on 31 August 1941 in Lipnic, Romania.
Doctor Honoris Causa of JINR (title conferred in 2014 at the 116-th Session of the JINR Scientific Council).
Scientific interests: Theoretical nuclear physics, history of physics, educational programmes, science and society.
Catalin Borcea – Scientific Researcher gr. I in the Horia Hulubei National Institute for R&D in Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), the Nuclear Physics Department, Professor (phd advisor) at the Doctoral School of Physics of Bucharest University.
Born 25 December 1943 at Focsani, Romania.
Main scientific interests: Heavy ion physics including radioactive beams, physics of nuclei far from stability, astrophysics, precision measurements of nuclear data.
Achievements of the scientific career:
- Study of intermediate structure in Isobaric Analog Resonances
- Determination of fission cross sections for U and Pu isotopes induced by thermal neutrons by an absolute method
- Determination of electric form factors of proton and neutron by low momentum transfer of 4 GeV electrons
- Study of light particle emission close to the kinematic limit in heavy ion induced reactions at E/A~10 MeV (subject of PhD thesis)
- Synthesis and study of decay and properties of heavy H and He isotopes (4-6H, 6-10He)
- Systematics of atomic masses, regularities, smoothness of the multi-parametric mass surface; mass extrapolating methods
- Discovery of doubly magic nucleus 100Sn
- Discovery of the doubly magic nucleus 48Ni
- Discovery and study of two proton radioactivity
- First elastic scattering experiment with the halo nucleus 11Li
- Momentum distribution of 8B and the character of confined halo of this nucleus
- Spectroscopy of nuclei close to the drip line, revealing the erosion of classical magic numbers and appearance of other magic numbers in nuclei with high neutron excess
- Measurement of fusion cross sections with loosely bound projectiles close to Coulomb barrier
- Commissioning of the nTOF facility at CERN
- Precision measurement of (n, n’, gamma) cross sections and covariance assessment for many isotopes in the frame of a Nuclear Data project at JRC-IRMM-Geel (Belgium)
Academician Emil Burzo, member of the Romanian Academy, member of the Presidium of the Romanian Academy, and President of the Cluj-Napoca Branch of the Romanian Academy, Director of Excellence Centre on Condensed Matter Physics, Director of the Master Program in Solid State Physics was an active Member of Programme Advisory Committee for Condensed Matter Physics, in 2006-2016.
The languages of international communication at JINR are Russian and English. However, one can hear the speech in many languages in Dubna, including the languages of JINR Member States when the compatriots, the representatives of a same national community (the national groups of JINR), meet each other.
Over the years of existence of JINR the national groups have developed their traditions, forms of cooperation and collaboration with other national groups. Their leaders, appointed by the plenipotentiaries of the JINR Member States play the organizing role in the life of the national groups.
Head of the national group of Romania, LIT Deputy Director
+7 (49621) 6-51-06
Deputy Head of the national group of Romania, Deputy Director of FLNP
+7 (49621) 6-58-18
Eugen Mircea Anitas
Deputy Head of the national group of Romania, Head of Sector in BLTP
+7 (49621) 6-25-09
Being in permanent contact with Plenipotentiary Representatives, Embassies of JINR Member States in Russian Federation, JINR Directorate and management services, they take part in the solution of the problems connected with the stay of their compatriot colleagues and their families in Russia, with the organization of their life and leisure. During 2017 there are 22 Romanian scientists employed in the Institute and this figure is expected to increase during the near future.
The Council of the leaders of the national groups meets periodically. The representatives of the Directorate and the services of the Institute are invited to its meetings. The agenda includes the discussion of the urgent problems of the employees from the JINR Member States and the management gets an opportunity to make appropriate decisions.
- 1-2 January – New Year
- 24 January – The Union Day
- April/May – First and second day of Easter (in 2017, 16-th and 17-th April)
- 1 May – Labour Day, International Labour Day
- May/June – First and second day of the Feast of the Holy Trinity
- 15 August – Assumption Day
- The day of the scientific researcher (19th November) [Free day in the scientific research institutes]
- 30th November – St. Andrew’s Day
- 1 December – National Day, the Great Union Day
- 25/26 December – First and second day of the Christmas
- On 4 October 2017, JINR was visited by a delegation of representatives of the National Romanian TV channels TVR and TVR International
- On 26 July 2017, the 8th International Student Summer School “Nuclear Physics – Science and Applications” (NUCPHYS-SC&APPL) started in Brasov, Romania.
- On 4 March 2017, the Embassy of Romania in Moscow organized an evening dedicated to the Romanian tradition of “Martişor”. Members of the national group in JINR and friends from JINR were among the over 150 guests. The event was held in a pleasant and friendly atmosphere and included a rich cultural programme of Romanian folklore. The Head of the Romanian diplomatic mission then offered “marţisoare” to all the ladies present at the event.
- The Student training course «Advanced Materials Investigation by Means of Neutron Scattering Methods» was started on Monday, 29 August 2016 in the Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics JINR. 14 students and 6 professors from the two Romanian universities the West University Timisoara and the Ovidius University of Constanta attend the training course.
- On 5 April 2016, the Celebration of the 60-th JINR Anniversary took place in the Cultural Center “Mir” with a select international participation. Romania was represented at this event by Dr. Ioan Ursu, Vice-President of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research and Innovation, H.E. Vasile Soare, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Romania to the Russian Federation, and Dr. Florin-Dorian Buzatu, Director General of the Institute of Atomic Physics, Bucharest-Magurele. Dr. I. Ursu and H.E. Vasile Soare presented friendly congratulation messages devoted to this event.
- On 7 December 2015, H.E. Vasile Soare, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Romania to the Russian Federation, has met with the JINR Directorate and participated to the concert of the Romanian ethno-rock-blues band Nightlosers, dedicated to the Celebration of the Romanian National Day.
- On 2-4 November 2015, in Bucharest, Romania, the “JINR days in Romania” were a memorable event (Day one, Day two). The JINR delegation, headed by Acad. Victor Matveev, had a rich program of meetings with Romanian officials (at the Romanian Government and the Romanian Senate) and Romanian scientists from research institutes.
- On 28-30 October 2015, in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, there was held the International Conference “Grid, Cloud & High Performance Computing in Science” (RO-LCG 2015), devoted to the 60-th Anniversary of JINR
- On 13-17 July 2015, in Stara Lesna,Tatras, Slovakia, the International Conference «Mathematical Modeling and Computational Physics» (MMCP 2015) was jointly organized by JINR-Dubna, Institutes from Slovakia, and IFIN-HH, Romania. The Conference was devoted to the 60-th Anniversary of JINR. Revised selected papers were published in the European Physics Journal, Web of Conferences (EPJ-WoC), Vol. 108 (9 February 2016)
- On 30 November 2014, H.E. Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Romania to the Russian Federation Vasile Soare and his accompanying persons visited JINR. V. Soare met with Romanian employees of JINR and with the JINR Directorate. The meeting was finished with a concert of Romanian folk ensemble dedicated to the Great Union Day of Romania, which is celebrated on 1 December.
- On 23 November 2013, a representative delegation from Romania headed by Minister Delegate for Higher Education, Scientific Research and Technological Development Mihnea Cosmin Costoiu, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation in Romania Vasile Soare and Romanian Plenipotentiary at JINR Nicolae Victor Zamfir visited the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research.
Contact Information on the Embassies
Embassy of Romania in the Russian Federation:
Russian Embassy in Romania: