Romania

General information on collaboration

Romania was one of the founder states of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) since 26 March 1956.

Romania is one of the important JINR Member States in the amount of participation in the JINR activities, joint research, and scientific and technological relations. The basis of the Romanian participation to the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research was laid down by the famous Romanian scientist, Academician Horia Hulubei. During the first decades of the JINR, outstanding contributions to the JINR activity were brought by the Romanian scientists, Academicians Șerban Țițeica, Ioan Ursu, and Aureliu Săndulescu, Professor Alexandru Mihul.

Romanian physicists actively participated in scientific research of the Institute. Well known Romanian scientists contributed to the management of the Institute and of its laboratories:

JINR Vice Directors:

  • Șerban Țițeica – 1962–1964
  • Alexandru Mihul — 1970–1973
  • Aureliu Săndulescu — 1983–1986

  • LHE Deputy Director Ovidiu Balea — 1975–1978
  • FLNR Deputy Director Aureliu Sandulescu — 1974–1977
  • FLNP Deputy Director Nicolae Popa — 2002–2006
  • LIT Deputy Director Gheorghe Adam — 2003–2009
  • LIT Deputy Director Sanda Adam — 2009–2013
  • LIT Deputy Director Gheorghe Adam — 2013 – till now
  • FLNP Deputy Director Otilia Culicov — 2013 – till now

In recognizance of the merits of the Romanian scientists to the JINR development, on the occasion of the 40-th Anniversary of the Joint Institute, the Committee of the Member States Plenipotentiary Representatives decided on 25 March 1996 to name alleys on the Institute laboratory grounds in honour of the eminent scientists Horia Hulubei and Șerban Țițeica.

While often expressing specific positions on JINR practical matters, Romania has always recognized the JINR importance for the development of its national centres, for the development of the mutual collaboration.

The two-sided JINR – Romania cooperation reflects the general fact that many scientific problems dealt with at JINR are being solved in close cooperation with research centers of JINR Member States and, vice versa, many problems tackled in the JINR Member States are being solved with assistance of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. Concerning the past, we can emphasize the high interest of the Romanian scientists for heavy ion physics in the seventies-eighties of the past century. Romania actively took part in the buildup of the FLNR cyclotron complex. In particular, in Romania there was made the transportation system with extracted beams of the U-400 accelerator.

The round-table “Romania at JINR”, held as a part of the Scientific JINR Council in June 2003, was done with the participation of a representative delegation from all large Romanian cities involved in cooperation with JINR.

In 2008, a seminar dedicated to the centenary celebration of the outstanding Romanian scientist Șerban Țițeica was held at BLTP JINR with attendance of H.E. Constantin Mihail Grigorie, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Romania to the Russian Federation.

In the end of the November 2010 Session of the Committee of the Plenipotentiary Representatives at JINR, the National day of Romania was celebrated with the attendance of the Romanian Ambassador and the Plenipotentiary Representative of the Romanian Government at JINR. For the first time, a week of the Romanian cinema was organized in Dubna by the Romanian Institute of Culture.

Specific items concerning the cooperation are defined in two-sided protocols for joint research.

The two joint programmes (Țițeica-Markov in theoretical physics and Hulubei-Meshcheryakov in information technologies and computational physics) and the about 100 periodically renewed protocols signed with all the JINR laboratories and the JINR University Center are the compulsory basis for the approval of the grant and project proposals of the Plenipotentiary Representative of the Romanian Government at JINR. Through this mechanism, all the significant Romanian centers are involved in the cooperation with the JINR.

The backbone of the cooperation is secured by the long-term hired Romanian scientists in JINR. During the last years, their number was maintained at a level of about 20 people, both experienced and young. JINR is a very good place for starting scientific careers. Successful recent instances are: Eugen Anitas (Head of Sector in BLTP since 2014), Raul Erhan (Senior researcher in FLNP), Mihaela Paraipan (Senior researcher in VBLHEP). Promising progress was registered by Horia Pasca (BLTP – Nuclear Physics), Iulia Harca (FLNR – Synthesis of Super heavy elements), and Cristina Oancea (DLNP – Proton therapy). The communication made at the 119-th JINR Scientific Council Session: “Energy dependence of mass, charge, isotopic and energy distributions in neutron-induced fission of 235U and 239Pu” by Horia Pasca (selected for presentation at the previous session of the NP-PAC) was highly appreciated. His contribution to the “Cluster approach for describing nuclear fission” (in a group of seven) was rewarded with the 1st JINR Prize 2016.

Specialists from Romanian institutes come on short-term visits to the JINR laboratories for carrying out joint research and participation in international conferences, and JINR scientists regularly go to Romania for joint scientific activities, to international conferences and schools. During the last decade, it should be emphasized the significant contribution of LIT-JINR scientists and specialists to the development of the WLCG Grid infrastructure in Romania. Both the LIT and Romanian scientists actively contribute to the periodic Grid Conferences organized in JINR and Romania.

Romania is a hospitable host of JINR scientists participating in traditional schools and international conferences. Since its first 1964 edition, the “Carpathian Summer School of Physics” has regularly had keynote speakers coming from JINR. At its 27th edition in June-July 2016, a special round table was devoted to the 60th JINR Anniversary.

A traditional form of involvement of JINR in the growth of young Romanian scientists is their participation in educational programs at JINR. Since the seventies of the past century, groups of senior Romanian students regularly do their summer practice at JINR laboratories. During the last years, their number has significantly grown up, reaching 20 students in 2016. There is a vivid interest of the Romanian young people in the important form of new cooperation, defined within the JINR Summer Student Program.

Scientific Themes and Projects

The scientists of Romania take part in the research work on the following themes of the Topical plan for JINR research and international cooperation for the year 2018:

  • Theoretical Physics
    Cooperation on 4 themes
  • Elementary Particle Physics and Relativistic Nuclear Physics
    Cooperation on 8 themes
  • Nuclear physics
    Cooperation on 4 themes
  • Condensed Matter Physics, Radiation and Radiobiological Research
    Cooperation on 7 themes
  • Networking, Computing, Computational Physics
    Cooperation on 2 themes
  • Educational Programme
    Cooperation on 1 theme

Romanian scientists in JINR are acting as co-leaders of a scientific theme and of two activities and experiments.

In LIT JINR, Gheorghe Adam has been a co-leader of the “Mathematical Support of Experimental and Theoretical Studies Conducted by JINR” (theme 05-6-1060-2005/2013) and of the “Methods, Algorithms and Software for Modeling Physical Systems, Mathematical Processing and Analysis of Experimental Data” (theme 05-6-1119-2014/2019).

Within the theme “Investigations of Condensed Matter by Modern Neutron Scattering Methods” (04-4-1121-2015/2017), Maria Balasoiu is the leader of the FLNP data taking activity on structural characterization of polymer nanodispersed materials.

Within the theme “Development and Construction of the Prototype of a Complex for Radiotherapy and Applied Research with Heavy-Ion Beams at the Nuclotron-M” (02-1-1107-2011/2016), Mihaela Paraipan was a co-leader of the data taking, data processing and upgrade activities on the study of radioactive waste transmutation and research on neutron generation and energy release in heavy targets (Pb, U, Th, etc.) at the Nuclotron deuteron and neutron beams within the energy interval from 0.5 to 6 GeV/nucleon.

Cooperating organizations

There are currently 22 Romanian institutes and universities doing research in collaboration with JINR. The most active partners:

The largest scientific project ever implemented in Romania, the “Extreme Light Infrastructure – Nuclear Physics (ELI-NP)” is currently under construction in Bucharest-Magurele, under the leadership of Acad. Nicolae Victor Zamfir, the Plenipotentiary Representative of the Romanian Government at JINR during 2005-2016. ELI-NP will create a new European laboratory to consistently investigate a very broad range of science domains, from new fields of fundamental physics, new nuclear physics and astrophysics topics, to applications in material science, life sciences and nuclear materials management. Undoubtedly, this will open a broad range of topics of mutual cooperation with the JINR.

Plenipotentiary Representative

Since 21-st of July 2016, the Plenipotentiary Representative of the Government of Romania at JINR is Dr. Florin-Dorian Buzatu, the Director General (since 2008) of the Institute of Atomic Physics (IFA), Măgurele-Bucharest, Romania.

Florin-Dorian Buzatu was born on 17-th April 1957. He graduated from the Faculty of Physics of the University of Bucharest in 1982 with the specialization in nuclear physics. His doctoral thesis “Contributions to the study of the one-dimensional Hubbard model” was defended in 1994 at the Institute of Atomic Physics (IFA). His main scientific interests have been related to the theory of condensed matter physics: strongly correlated electrons, one-dimensional fermionic models, phase transitions in electron and molecular systems.

His current management tasks include the coordination of the Research and Development (R&D) programmes supporting the Romanian participation in European cooperation projects (EURATOM, F4E, CERN, ELI-NP, FAIR, CEA). He has brought a significant contribution to the coordination of the preparation of the Romania’s Application file for hosting the Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI) during the ELI Preparatory Phase (2008-2010).

His professional career started at Horia Hulubei National Institute for R&D in Physics and Nuclear Engineering in Bucharest-Magurele (IFIN-HH). He has grown as a prominent scientist and a R&D management leader within IFIN-HH, with which he remained closely associated over the years. In his capacity as Scientific Director of IFIN-HH, during March 2005 – January 2008, Dr. Florin-Dorian Buzatu coordinated the preparation of the Romania Application file for membership at CERN and the Core Financing Programme of the Institute.

The five-year period (1991-1996) spent in the Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics of the JINR and the three-year fellowship (1998-2001) at the Department of Chemistry of the Texas Christian University (Fort Worth, TX, USA) were particularly beneficial and valuable for his scientific achievements.

More about the Romanian Plenipotentiary Florin-Dorian Buzatu can be found on his CV at the IFA webpage.

Plenipotentiary Representatives of the Government of Romania at JINR since 2005

2005 – 2016

2016 – present day

Members of the Scientific Council

Gheorghe Stratan – professor of Horia Hulubei National Institute for R&D in Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH) (Bucharest), head of the Babeș-Bolyai University faculty (Cluj-Napoca, Romania) (2003-2009). He was born on 31 August 1941 in Lipnic, Romania.

Doctor Honoris Causa of JINR (title conferred in 2014 at the 116-th Session of the JINR Scientific Council).

Scientific interests: Theoretical nuclear physics, history of physics, educational programmes, science and society.

Catalin Borcea – Scientific Researcher gr. I in the Horia Hulubei National Institute for R&D in Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), the Nuclear Physics Department, Professor (phd advisor) at the Doctoral School of Physics of Bucharest University.

Born 25 December 1943 at Focsani, Romania.

Main scientific interests: Heavy ion physics including radioactive beams, physics of nuclei far from stability, astrophysics, precision measurements of nuclear data.

Achievements of the scientific career:

  • Study of intermediate structure in Isobaric Analog Resonances
  • Determination of fission cross sections for U and Pu isotopes induced by thermal neutrons by an absolute method
  • Determination of electric form factors of proton and neutron by low momentum transfer of 4 GeV electrons
  • Study of light particle emission close to the kinematic limit in heavy ion induced reactions at E/A~10 MeV (subject of PhD thesis)
  • Synthesis and study of decay and properties of heavy H and He isotopes (4-6H, 6-10He)
  • Systematics of atomic masses, regularities, smoothness of the multi-parametric mass surface; mass extrapolating methods
  • Discovery of doubly magic nucleus 100Sn
  • Discovery of the doubly magic nucleus 48Ni
  • Discovery and study of two proton radioactivity
  • First elastic scattering experiment with the halo nucleus 11Li
  • Momentum distribution of 8B and the character of confined halo of this nucleus
  • Spectroscopy of nuclei close to the drip line, revealing the erosion of classical magic numbers and appearance of other magic numbers in nuclei with high neutron excess
  • Measurement of fusion cross sections with loosely bound projectiles close to Coulomb barrier
  • Commissioning of the nTOF facility at CERN
  • Precision measurement of (n, n’, gamma) cross sections and covariance assessment for many isotopes in the frame of a Nuclear Data project at JRC-IRMM-Geel (Belgium)
Members of Programme Advisory Committees

Academician Emil Burzo, member of the Romanian Academy, member of the Presidium of the Romanian Academy, and President of the Cluj-Napoca Branch of the Romanian Academy, Director of Excellence Centre on Condensed Matter Physics, Director of the Master Program in Solid State Physics was an active Member of Programme Advisory Committee for Condensed Matter Physics, in 2006-2016.

National group

The languages of international communication at JINR are Russian and English. However, one can hear the speech in many languages in Dubna, including the languages of JINR Member States when the compatriots, the representatives of a same national community (the national groups of JINR), meet each other.

Over the years of existence of JINR the national groups have developed their traditions, forms of cooperation and collaboration with other national groups. Their leaders, appointed by the plenipotentiaries of the JINR Member States play the organizing role in the life of the national groups.

  • Otilia Culicov
    Deputy Head of the national group of Romania, Deputy Director of FLNP

  • +7 (49621) 6-58-18

  • culicov@nf.jinr.ru

Being in permanent contact with Plenipotentiary Representatives, Embassies of JINR Member States in Russian Federation, JINR Directorate and management services, they take part in the solution of the problems connected with the stay of their compatriot colleagues and their families in Russia, with the organization of their life and leisure. During 2017 there are 22 Romanian scientists employed in the Institute and this figure is expected to increase during the near future.

The Council of the leaders of the national groups meets periodically. The representatives of the Directorate and the services of the Institute are invited to its meetings. The agenda includes the discussion of the urgent problems of the employees from the JINR Member States and the management gets an opportunity to make appropriate decisions.

National Holidays
  • 1-2 January – New Year
  • 24 January – The Union Day
  • April/May – First and second day of Easter (in 2017, 16-th and 17-th April)
  • 1 May – Labour Day, International Labour Day
  • May/June – First and second day of the Feast of the Holy Trinity
  • 15 August – Assumption Day
  • The day of the scientific researcher (19th November) [Free day in the scientific research institutes]
  • 30th November – St. Andrew’s Day
  • 1 December – National Day, the Great Union Day
  • 25/26 December – First and second day of the Christmas
Events

Contact Information on the Embassies

Embassy of Romania in the Russian Federation:

Russian Embassy in Romania: