Romania

General information on collaboration

Romania was one of the founding states of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) since 26 March 1956.

Romania is one of the most important JINR Member States in terms of participation in itsactivities, joint research, and scientific and technology partnerships. The foundation of participation of Romania in the work of Joint Institute for Nuclear Research was laid down by the renown Romanian scientist, academician Horia Hulubei. During the first decades of JINR history, outstanding contributions were ,made by Romanian scientists, academicians Șerban Țițeica, Ioan Ursu, and Aureliu Săndulescu, and Professor Alexandru Mihul.

Romanian physicists actively participated in scientific research in the Institute. Well-known Romanian scientists contributed to management of the Institute and of its laboratories.

JINR Vice Directors:

  • Șerban Țițeica – 1962–1964
  • Alexandru Mihul — 1970–1973
  • Aureliu Săndulescu — 1983–1986
  • LHE Deputy Director Ovidiu Balea — 1975–1978
  • FLNR Deputy Director Aureliu Sandulescu — 1974–1977
  • FLNP Deputy Director Nicolae Popa — 2002–2006
  • LIT Deputy Director Gheorghe Adam — 2003–2009
  • LIT Deputy Director Sanda Adam — 2009–2013
  • LIT Deputy Director Gheorghe Adam — 2013 – till now
  • FLNP Deputy Director Otilia Culicov — 2013 – till now

In recognition of Romanian scientists’ contributionto JINR development, at the 40th Anniversary of the Joint Institute, Committee of Member States Plenipotentiary Representatives decided on March 25th, 1996, to name boulevards on the Institute laboratory campus in honour of the eminent scientists Horia Hulubei and Șerban Țițeica.

While often expressing specific positions regardingpractical matters at JINR, Romanian scientists have always recognized the important role JINR has been playingin the development of national centresin Romania, andin the development of collaboration between JINR and these centres.

JINR – Romania cooperation reflects the general fact that many scientific problems dealt with at JINR are being solved in close cooperation with research centers of JINR Member States and, vice versa, many problems tackled at JINR Member States are being solved with assistance from the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. In the past, we can note a high level of interest of Romanian scientists in heavy ion physics in the 1970ies and 1980ies. Romania took an active part in the development of the FLNR cyclotron complex. In particular, the transportation system with extracted beams of the U-400 accelerator was built in Romania.

The round-table “Romania at JINR”, held as a part of the Scientific JINR Council in June 2003, welcomed delegations from all large Romanian cities involved in jointprojects with JINR.

In 2008, a seminar dedicated to the centenary celebration of outstanding Romanian scientist Șerban Țițeica was held at BLTP JINR, with attendance of H.E. Constantin Mihail Grigorie, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Romania to the Russian Federation.

In November 2010, a Session of the Committee of the Plenipotentiary Representatives at JINR, the National day of Romania was marked by the attendance of Romanian Ambassador and the Plenipotentiary Representative of the Romanian Government at JINR. For the first time, a Romanian cinema week was organized in Dubna by the Romanian Institute of Culture.

Specific items concerning cooperation are defined in protocols for joint research.

The two joint programmes (Țițeica-Markov in theoretical physics and Hulubei-Meshcheryakov in information technology and computational physics) and about 100 periodically renewed protocols signed with all JINR laboratories and the JINR University Center are the required step for approval of grant and project proposals of the Plenipotentiary Representative of Romanian Government at JINR. All major Romanian research centers cooperate with JINR following this process.

The backbone of this cooperation is secured by Romanian scientistsworking on long-term contracts atJINR. In the past few years, about 20 people such researchers have been working at JINR, including both experienced scientists and young postdoc researchers. JINR is a good place for starting scientific careers. Successful recent cases inlucde: Eugen Anitas (Head of Sector in BLTP since 2014), Raul Erhan (Senior researcher in FLNP), Mihaela Paraipan (Senior researcher in VBLHEP). Promising progress has beenmade by Horia Pasca (BLTP – Nuclear Physics), Iulia Harca (FLNR – Synthesis of super heavy elements), and Cristina Oancea (DLNP – Proton therapy). The presentation given at the 119th JINR Scientific Council Session: “Energy dependence of mass, charge, isotopic and energy distributions in neutron-induced fission of 235U and 239Pu” by Horia Pasca (selected at the previous session of the NP-PAC) was very well received. His contribution to the “Cluster approach for describing nuclear fission” (in a group of seven) was rewarded with the 1st JINR Prize in 2016.

Specialists from Romanian institutes come on short-term visits to the JINR laboratories to carry out joint research and to participate in international conferences.JINR scientists also regularly go to Romania to participate in joint scientific activities, and in international conferences and schools. In the past decade, LIT-JINR scientists and specialistsmade a significant contribution to the development of the WLCG Grid infrastructure in Romania. Both the LIT and Romanian scientists actively contribute to the periodic Grid Conferences organized at JINR, and in Romania.

Romania is an exceptional host for JINR scientists participating in traditional schools, and in international conferences. Since its first edition in 1964, the “Carpathian Summer School of Physics” has regularly welcomed keynote speakers from JINR. At its 27th edition in June-July 2016, a special round table was devoted to the 60th Anniversary of JINR.

A traditional form of involvement of JINR in the development of young Romanian scientists is their participation in educational programs at the Institute. Since the 1970ies, groups of senior Romanian students regularly had their summer practice at JINR laboratories. In the past few years, their number has significantly increased, reaching 20 students in 2016. Young Romanian researchers take a vivid interest in this important new form of cooperation, defined within the JINR Summer Student Program.

Scientific Themes and Projects

The scientists of Romania take part in the research work on the following themes of the Topical plan for JINR research and international cooperation for the year 2018:

  • Theoretical Physics
    Cooperation on 4 themes
  • Elementary Particle Physics and Relativistic Nuclear Physics
    Cooperation on 8 themes
  • Nuclear physics
    Cooperation on 4 themes
  • Condensed Matter Physics, Radiation and Radiobiological Research
    Cooperation on 7 themes
  • Networking, Computing, Computational Physics
    Cooperation on 2 themes
  • Educational Programme
    Cooperation on 1 theme

Romanian scientists in JINR are acting as co-leaders of a scientific theme and of two activities and experiments.

In LIT JINR, Gheorghe Adam has been a co-leader of the “Mathematical Support of Experimental and Theoretical Studies Conducted by JINR” (theme 05-6-1060-2005/2013) and of the “Methods, Algorithms and Software for Modeling Physical Systems, Mathematical Processing and Analysis of Experimental Data” (theme 05-6-1119-2014/2019).

Within the theme “Investigations of Condensed Matter by Modern Neutron Scattering Methods” (04-4-1121-2015/2017), Maria Balasoiu is the leader of the FLNP data taking activity on structural characterization of polymer nanodispersed materials.

Within the theme “Development and Construction of the Prototype of a Complex for Radiotherapy and Applied Research with Heavy-Ion Beams at the Nuclotron-M” (02-1-1107-2011/2016), Mihaela Paraipan was a co-leader of the data taking, data processing and upgrade activities on the study of radioactive waste transmutation and research on neutron generation and energy release in heavy targets (Pb, U, Th, etc.) at the Nuclotron deuteron and neutron beams within the energy interval from 0.5 to 6 GeV/nucleon.

Cooperating organizations

There are currently 22 Romanian institutes and universities doing research in collaboration with JINR. The most active partners:

The largest scientific project ever implemented in Romania, the “Extreme Light Infrastructure – Nuclear Physics (ELI-NP)” is currently under construction in Bucharest-Magurele, under the leadership of Acad. Nicolae Victor Zamfir, the Plenipotentiary Representative of the Romanian Government at JINR during 2005-2016. ELI-NP will create a new European laboratory to consistently investigate a very broad range of science domains, from new fields of fundamental physics, new nuclear physics and astrophysics topics, to applications in material science, life sciences and nuclear materials management. Undoubtedly, this will open a broad range of topics of mutual cooperation with the JINR.

Plenipotentiary Representative

Since 21-st of July 2016, the Plenipotentiary Representative of the Government of Romania at JINR is Dr. Florin-Dorian Buzatu, the Director General (since 2008) of the Institute of Atomic Physics (IFA), Măgurele-Bucharest, Romania.

Florin-Dorian Buzatu was born on 17-th April 1957. He graduated from the Faculty of Physics of the University of Bucharest in 1982 with the specialization in nuclear physics. His doctoral thesis “Contributions to the study of the one-dimensional Hubbard model” was defended in 1994 at the Institute of Atomic Physics (IFA). His main scientific interests have been related to the theory of condensed matter physics: strongly correlated electrons, one-dimensional fermionic models, phase transitions in electron and molecular systems.

His current management tasks include the coordination of the Research and Development (R&D) programmes supporting the Romanian participation in European cooperation projects (EURATOM, F4E, CERN, ELI-NP, FAIR, CEA). He has brought a significant contribution to the coordination of the preparation of the Romania’s Application file for hosting the Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI) during the ELI Preparatory Phase (2008-2010).

His professional career started at Horia Hulubei National Institute for R&D in Physics and Nuclear Engineering in Bucharest-Magurele (IFIN-HH). He has grown as a prominent scientist and a R&D management leader within IFIN-HH, with which he remained closely associated over the years. In his capacity as Scientific Director of IFIN-HH, during March 2005 – January 2008, Dr. Florin-Dorian Buzatu coordinated the preparation of the Romania Application file for membership at CERN and the Core Financing Programme of the Institute.

The five-year period (1991-1996) spent in the Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics of the JINR and the three-year fellowship (1998-2001) at the Department of Chemistry of the Texas Christian University (Fort Worth, TX, USA) were particularly beneficial and valuable for his scientific achievements.

More about the Romanian Plenipotentiary Florin-Dorian Buzatu can be found on his CV at the IFA webpage.

Plenipotentiary Representatives of the Government of Romania at JINR since 2005

2005 – 2016

2016 – present day

Members of the Scientific Council

Gheorghe Stratan – professor of Horia Hulubei National Institute for R&D in Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH) (Bucharest), head of the Babeș-Bolyai University faculty (Cluj-Napoca, Romania) (2003-2009). He was born on 31 August 1941 in Lipnic, Romania.

Doctor Honoris Causa of JINR (title conferred in 2014 at the 116-th Session of the JINR Scientific Council).

Scientific interests: Theoretical nuclear physics, history of physics, educational programmes, science and society.

Catalin Borcea – Scientific Researcher gr. I in the Horia Hulubei National Institute for R&D in Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), the Nuclear Physics Department, Professor (phd advisor) at the Doctoral School of Physics of Bucharest University.

Born 25 December 1943 at Focsani, Romania.

Main scientific interests: Heavy ion physics including radioactive beams, physics of nuclei far from stability, astrophysics, precision measurements of nuclear data.

Achievements of the scientific career:

  • Study of intermediate structure in Isobaric Analog Resonances
  • Determination of fission cross sections for U and Pu isotopes induced by thermal neutrons by an absolute method
  • Determination of electric form factors of proton and neutron by low momentum transfer of 4 GeV electrons
  • Study of light particle emission close to the kinematic limit in heavy ion induced reactions at E/A~10 MeV (subject of PhD thesis)
  • Synthesis and study of decay and properties of heavy H and He isotopes (4-6H, 6-10He)
  • Systematics of atomic masses, regularities, smoothness of the multi-parametric mass surface; mass extrapolating methods
  • Discovery of doubly magic nucleus 100Sn
  • Discovery of the doubly magic nucleus 48Ni
  • Discovery and study of two proton radioactivity
  • First elastic scattering experiment with the halo nucleus 11Li
  • Momentum distribution of 8B and the character of confined halo of this nucleus
  • Spectroscopy of nuclei close to the drip line, revealing the erosion of classical magic numbers and appearance of other magic numbers in nuclei with high neutron excess
  • Measurement of fusion cross sections with loosely bound projectiles close to Coulomb barrier
  • Commissioning of the nTOF facility at CERN
  • Precision measurement of (n, n’, gamma) cross sections and covariance assessment for many isotopes in the frame of a Nuclear Data project at JRC-IRMM-Geel (Belgium)

Members of the Scientific Council from Romania since 1956 were:


    1956 – 1960,1964 – 1965, 1969, 1971
  • Hulubei Horia, Academician of the Romanian Academy of Sciences, professor, Director of the Institute of Atomic Physics (IAP), Chairman of the Atomic Energy Board of the Romanian Council of Ministers;

  • 1964 – 1976, 1978
  • Șerban Țiteica, Academician of the Romanian Academy of Sciences, Vice-President of the Romanian Academy of Sciences, a foreign member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Vice-Director of IAP;

  • 1956 – 1959, 1969
  • Novák Valeriu, Corresponding Member of the Romanian Academy of Sciences;

  • 1964
  • Vylkov Nicolae, Scientific Secretary of IAP of Romania;

  • 1965 – 1967, 1972 – 1976
  • Dragichesku Paul, Director of a laboratory, IAP Departmant;

  • 1967 – 1968
  • Petrashku Marius, professor, IAP Vice-Director, Director of a department of the Institute of Nuclear Physics and Technology(INPT);

  • 1971
  • Kishliag Radu, Adviser for Academician H. Hulubei at the State Council of Romania;

  • 1972 – 1977
  • Barb Danile, professor, IAP Deputy Director, INPT Director, Bucharest;

  • 1977 – 1988
  • Bryndush Ioan, Doctor of physical and mathematical sciences, Scientific Secretary of the Central Institute of Physics, Bucharest;
  • Ivașcu Marin, Doctor of physical and mathematical sciences, Director General of INPT, Bucharest; Director General of the Central Institute of Physics, Bucharest;

  • 1978 – 1980
  • Berinde Alexandru, professor, Deputy Director of INPT;

  • 1988
  • Kruchanu Eugen, Director of an INPT laboratory;

  • 1980
  • Balea Ovidiu, professor, Head of an INPT sector;

  • 1981 – 1983
  • Semenesku Gheorghe, professor, Senior Researcher, Head of an INPT department;

  • 1981
  • Glodeanu Alexandru, Deputy Director of INPT;

  • 1982 – 1983, 1985 – 1988
  • Boldea Wenus, Senior Researcher of INPT;

  • 1984, 1987
  • Beshliu Calin, professor of the University of Bucharest;

  • 1988
  • Hajduk Maria, Senior Researcher, Director of an INPT laboratory;

  • 1990 – 1992
  • Bally Doral, professor of the University of Bucharest, establisher of the Romanian school of neutron physics, Director of an INP laboratory, Director of an INPT laboratory;

  • 1960 – 1967, 1970, 1990 – 1993, 1997
  • Poenaru Dorin, Doctor of physical and mathematical sciences, INPT Director for Science, Bucharest;

  • 1998 – 2000
  • Petrovici Mihai, Director General of IFIN-HH, Bucharest;

  • 2000 – 2003
  • Mateesku Gheorghe, Director General of IFIN-HH, Bucharest;

  • 2003 – 2012
  • Gheorghe Cata-Danil, professor, Head of a department of the Polytechnic University, Director of the Department of Nuclear Physics of IFIN-HH, Bucharest;

  • 2003 – present day
  • Gheorghe Stratan, Chairman of the IFIN-HH Scientific Council, Bucharest;
  • Catalin Borcea, Chief Researcher of IFIN-НН, professor of the Doctoral school of physics, the University of Bucharest.
Members of Programme Advisory Committees

Academician Emil Burzo, member of the Romanian Academy, member of the Presidium of the Romanian Academy, and President of the Cluj-Napoca Branch of the Romanian Academy, Director of Excellence Centre on Condensed Matter Physics, Director of the Master Program in Solid State Physics was an active Member of Programme Advisory Committee for Condensed Matter Physics, in 2006-2016.

National group

The languages of international communication at JINR are Russian and English. However, one can hear the speech in many languages in Dubna, including the languages of JINR Member States when the compatriots, the representatives of a same national community (the national groups of JINR), meet each other.

Over the years of existence of JINR the national groups have developed their traditions, forms of cooperation and collaboration with other national groups. Their leaders, appointed by the plenipotentiaries of the JINR Member States play the organizing role in the life of the national groups.

  • Otilia Culicov
    Deputy Head of the national group of Romania, Deputy Director of FLNP

  • +7 (49621) 6-58-18

  • culicov@nf.jinr.ru

Being in permanent contact with Plenipotentiary Representatives, Embassies of JINR Member States in Russian Federation, JINR Directorate and management services, they take part in the solution of the problems connected with the stay of their compatriot colleagues and their families in Russia, with the organization of their life and leisure. During 2017 there are 22 Romanian scientists employed in the Institute and this figure is expected to increase during the near future.

The Council of the leaders of the national groups meets periodically. The representatives of the Directorate and the services of the Institute are invited to its meetings. The agenda includes the discussion of the urgent problems of the employees from the JINR Member States and the management gets an opportunity to make appropriate decisions.

National Holidays
  • 1-2 January – New Year
  • 24 January – The Union Day
  • April/May – First and second day of Easter (in 2017, 16-th and 17-th April)
  • 1 May – Labour Day, International Labour Day
  • May/June – First and second day of the Feast of the Holy Trinity
  • 15 August – Assumption Day
  • The day of the scientific researcher (19th November) [Free day in the scientific research institutes]
  • 30th November – St. Andrew’s Day
  • 1 December – National Day, the Great Union Day
  • 25/26 December – First and second day of the Christmas
Events

Contact Information on the Embassies

Embassy of Romania in the Russian Federation:

Russian Embassy in Romania: