The main areas of theoretical and experimental research at JINR are Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics and Condensed Matter Physics. The research programme of JINR is aimed at obtaining highly significant results of principal scientific value.
The experimental base of JINR gives the opportunities to conduct not only advanced fundamental research but also applied studies in the field of condensed matter physics, biology, medicine, material sciences, geophysics, engineering diagnostics that are focused at research of structure and properties of nanosystems and new materials, biological objects, at elaboration and development of new electronic, bio- and information technologies.
JINR comprises seven Laboratories: Veksler and Baldin Laboratory of High Energy Physics, Dzhelepov Laboratory of Nuclear Problems, Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics, Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, Laboratory of Information Technologies, Laboratory of Radiation Biology. Each laboratory being comparable with a large institute in the scale and scope of investigations performed. The Institute employs about 4500 people, including more than 1200 scientists, among whom there are full members and corresponding members of national academies of sciences, more than 260 Doctors of Science and 560 Candidates of Science and about 2000 engineers and technicians.
Scientific research base
The Joint Institute possesses a remarkable choice of experimental facilities for physics: the only in Europe and Asia superconducting accelerator of nuclei and heavy ions – the Nuclotron, heavy ion cyclotrons U-400 and U-400M with record beam parameters for experiments on the synthesis of heavy and exotic ions, a unique neutron pulsed reactor IBR-2 used for research in neutron nuclear physics and condensed matter physics, and a proton accelerator – the Phasotron that is used for ray therapy.
The experimental research programme of JINR bases on the bright school of theoretical physics, well developed methods of the physics experiments, modern information technologies, including grid-technology.
JINR has powerful high-productive computing environment that is integrated into the world computer network through high-speed communication channels.
The basis of the computer infrastructure of the Institute is the Central Information Computer Complex (CICC). The JINR GRID-segment developed on its basis is an important element of the RDIG grid-infrastructures (Russian Data Intensive Grid), WLCG (Worldwide LHC Computing Grid) and EGEE (Enabling Grids for E-sciencE).
Wide international cooperation is the major factor in JINR activities. The Institute collaborates with more than 800 scientific centres and universities in 62 countries of the world. Only in Russia – the largest JINR partner – the cooperation is conducted with over 170 research centres, universities, industrial enterprises and firms from 55 Russian cities. Over 260 scientific centres, universities and industrial enterprises from 10 CIS countries take part in the implementation of the scientific programme of the Institute.
JINR possesses the Observer Status in a number of European scientific structures: in the strategy working group on physical and engineering sciences of the European Stategic Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI), in the Astroparticle Physics European Consortium (ApPEC).
In 2014 CERN and JINR took important decisions on the mutual granting of the Observer Status. Since recently, JINR has had its representative in the Nuclear Physics European Collaboration Committee (NuPECC).
JINR Chief Scientific Secretary N.A. Russakovich, JINR Director V.A. Matveev, CERN Director General R. Heuer, Head of the Department of International Relations, CERN Representative at JINR R. Voss
The Institute has accummulated immense experience of mutually beneficial scientific-technical cooperation on the international scale. JINR maintains contacts with IAEA, UNESCO, the European
Physical Society, and the International Centre of Theoretical Physics in Trieste. Annually, above a thousand scientists from the organizations which are JINR partners visit Dubna.
JINR has very good educational conditions for talented young scientists. The JINR University Centre annually organizes practical courses at JINR facilities for students from higher education insitutions of Russia and other countries.
Participants of the UC International Student Practice
JINR and CERN organize annual scientific schools for teachers of physics from JINR Member States.
Chairs of theoretical and nuclear physics as wel as chairs of biophysics, distributed computing systems, nanotechnology and new materials, personal electronics, electronics of physical facilities work at the Dubna State University. In the academic staff of the University there are leading staff members of JINR, world-known scientists. The educational base of the University develops actively in the sites of JINR.
Each year the Institute assigns more than 1500 scientific papers and reports written by about 3000 authors to the editorial offices of many journals and organizing committees. JINR publications are distributed in more than 50 countries in the world.
Achievements and prospects
40 discoveries in nuclear physics were made in JINR. The programme of studies of superheavy elements deserves special mentioning. Dubna scientists have synthesized new, long-lived superheavy elements with the atomic numbers 113, 114, 115, 116, 117 and 118. The decision of the General Assembly of the International Committee of Pure and Applied Chemistry to award the name “Dubnium” to element 105 of the D.Mendeleev Periodic Table and the name “Flerovium” to element 114 demonstrates the international recognition of the achievements of JINR’s staff of researchers and their contribution to modern physics and chemistry. These challenging discoveries crowned 35 years of efforts taken by scientists from different countries in the search for the “stability island” of superheavy nuclei.
The General Assembly of the International Committee of Pure and Applied Chemistry awarded the name “Dubnium” to element 105 of the D.Mendeleev Periodic Table and the name “Flerovium” to element 114
For over 20 years, JINR has been participating in the accomplishment of the programme to establish an innovation “belt” around Dubna. In 2005 the RF government signed the Resolution “On the establishment of a special economic zone of the technical-innovation type in the territory of the Dubna city”. The specific character of JINR has been reflected in the aims of the Special Economic Zone (SEZ): nuclear physics and information technologies.
In modern conditions the Institute aims to consolidate and develop its key positions. Fundamental science, innovations and educational activities are the basis for it. The activities in upgrading of the existing facilities and construction of new basic machines at JINR, “home” experiments and involvement in large international partnership programmes with CERN (Switzerland), GSI (Germany), FNAL and BNL (USA) and other scientific centres have high priority.