ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT

General information on collaboration

A new stage of closer cooperation between JINR and the Arab Republic of Egypt started on March 3, 2009 when the Agreement between the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research and the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, the Government of ARE was signed. At the same time, ties among JINR, national scientific centres of Egypt and Egyptian scientists have existed for a very long time.

Scientific contacts among Egyptian physicists and their colleagues from Dubna were established at the end of the 1960s – the beginning of the 1970s, when Ahmed El-Nagy and Mohammed Sherif started to take part in the studies using the photoemulsion techniques at the Laboratory of High Energies (at the group headed by K.D.Tolstoy). The cooperation with the Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority, Cairo University, University of Menofia and Tabbin Institute for Metallurgical Studies was carried out within the framework of agreements (protocols). In particular, the protocols fixed terms of exchange of scientists and scientific and technical information; in accordance with them JINR granted fellowships to several Egyptian specialists. No less than 15 specialists became JINR fellowship holders. Seven Egyptian specialists defended their theses at JINR.


Dubna, May 27, 2009. Visit of the delegation of specialists from Egypt headed by Dr. Mohamed Gamal Halifa, the Director of the Tabbin Institute for Metallurgical Studies (Cairo) (right)

The majority of scientists who collaborate in joint studies with JINR carry them out at Egyptian institutes using methods and techniques developed at JINR and come for short visits to Dubna. In 2010 Prof. Tarek Hussein and Prof. Hussein El Samman paid working visits to JINR. Tamer Abuelfadl visited FLNP, Eman Hamza visited BLTP to carry out joint research. Ali Khalil, Nasser Sweilam, Osama Fouad and Khaled Hegab visited JINR as the experts in the course of preparation for the 1st Joint Coordination Committee on JINR-ARE Cooperation.

In 2011 within the framework of the funded joint research projects approved by the 1st Joint Coordination Committee JINR hosted 17 visitors from ARE; by 1 January 2012 the total number of days of their stay in JINR amounted to 613 days. In its turn, ARE hosted 6 visitors, and the total number of days of their stay has amounted to 59. Also, an Egyptian researcher, Dr. Mohamed Abdelhady, visited INFN (Gran Sasso, Bologna, Italy) for 7 days within the framework of the joint project. It should also be noted that 4 researchers from JINR participated in the 8th Conference on Nuclear and Particle Physics (NUPPAC’11), which was held in Hurghada, ARE, 20-24 November, 2011.

In 2010-2012, an Egyptian student, Mahmoud Gaafar, was granted the BLTP fellowship and worked at JINR. It further allowed him to become Master of Science in Egypt, publish 4 papers and make reports at 3 international conferences, including the International Conference «Mathematical Modeling and Computational Physics» in Stara Lesna, Slovakia on 4-8 July 2011; and the International Superconductive Electronics Conference (ISEC 2011) in Holland, Hague, on 18-23 September 2011.

Every year since 2009 a Practice for Young Specialists from ARE has been held at JINR.The 1st Practice for Young Specialists from ARE was held on October 18-November 8, 2009, the 2nd Practice– May 16-June 6, 2010, the 3rd Practice – May 15-June 5, 2011. In 2012 the 4th Practice was held from May 13 to June 3, 2012, 15 young specialists from ARE participated in the Practice. The 5th Practice was held from May 12 to June 2, 2013; the 6th Practice – from May 19 to June 8, 2014. During these schools the participants have lectures and practical training at JINR laboratories. The knowledge and experience gained at these schools allow their participants to continue their studies in Egypt and give them an opportunity to be involved in the JINR-ARE joint research projects.

Thus, fruitful scientific cooperation of Egyptian physicists with JINR scientists continues to consolidate and grow. Due to this cooperation, new opportunities to develop direct contacts with the largest accelerating centers of the world open to scientists from the Arab Republic of Egypt.

Contact

  • Prof. R.Lednický
    Executive of the contacts with the Arab Republic of Egypt, Vice-Director of JINR.

  • +7 (49621) 6-51-26
    +7 (49621) 6-25-82

  • lednicky@fzu.cz

  • Yulia Polyakova
    JINR-ARE Cooperation Coordinator, officer of the International Cooperation Department

  • +7 (49621) 6-34-16

  • are@jinr.ru

Scientific themes and projects

Egyptian scientists take part in the research work on the following themes of the Topical plan for JINR research and international cooperation for the year 2017:

  • Theoretical Physics
    «Theory of Nuclear Structure and Nuclear Reactions» leaders: V.V.Voronov, A.I.Vdovin, N.V.Antonenko (BLTP); on the Egyptian side – EAEA, CU.
  • Elementary Particle Physics and Relativistic Nuclear Physics
    «Development of the JINR Basic Facility for Generation of Intense Heavy Ion and Polarized Nuclear Beams Aimed at Searching for the Mixed Phase of Nuclear Matter and Investigation of Polarization Phenomena at the Collision Energies up to √sNN = 11 GeV/n» leaders: A.S. Sorin (Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics), V.D. Kekelidze (VBLHEP), on the Egyptian side – ECTP;
  • Nuclear Physics
    «Accelerator Complex of Ion Beams of Stable and Radioactive Nuclides (DRIBs-III)» leaders: G.G.Gulbekian, S.N.Dmitriev, Yu.Ts.Oganessian (FLNR), M.G.Itkis; on the Egyptian side – AASTMT, CU, MU;
    «Synthesis and Properties of Nuclei at the Stability Limits» leaders: M.G.Itkis, Yu.Ts.Oganessian, on the Egyptian side – CU, MU;
    «Investigations in the Field of Nuclear Physics with Neutrons» leaders: V.N.Shvetsov (FLNP) on the Egyptian side – Alexandria Univ., EAEA, MU;
  • Condensed Matter Physics, Radiation and Radiobiological Research
    «Research on the Biological Effect of Heavy Charged Particles with Different Energies» leaders: E.A.Krasavin, G.N.Timoshenko, on the Egyptian side – CU.
    «Investigations of Condensed Matter by Modern Neutron Scattering Methods» leaders: D.P. Kozlenko, V.L. Aksenov, A.M. Balagurov on the Egyptian side – EAEA, CU;
  • Networking, Computing, Computational Physics
    «Methods, Algorithms and Software for Modeling Physical Systems, Mathematical Processing and Analysis of Experimental Data» leaders: Gh.Adam, P.V.Zrelov (LIT), on the Egyptian side – TIMS;
    «Information and Computing Infrastructure of JINR» leader: V.V.Korenkov (LIT), on the Egyptian side – CU;
  • Educational Programme
    «Organization, Support and Development of the JINR Educational Programme» leaders: V.A. Matveev, S.Z.Pakuliak (UC), on the Egyptian side – ASRT.
JINR-ARE Joint Projects
Project number Project title Project leaders
(Principle Investigators)
  Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions
(FLNR)
 
#101 New setup for on-line separation of reaction products by means of selective laser ionization Prof. V.I. Zagrebaev
Prof. El Samman 
#104 Low-energy nuclear reactions with heavy ions leading to formation of neutron rich heavy and superheavy nuclei   
( NRV-projects: http://nrv.jinr.ru/nrv )
Prof.V.I. Zagrebaev,
Prof. Mahmoud Y. Ismail
  Laboratory of Information Technologies
(LIT)
 
#202 Development of Grid segment in Egypt and its integration to the JINR GridEdu infrastructure
 
Prof. V.V. Korenkov
Eng. Nasser Mohamed Omran
 
Laboratory of Radiation Biology
(LRB)
 
#301 Mathematical Modeling of Genetic Regulatory Networks in Bacterial and Higher Eukaryotic Cells     Dr. Oleg V. Belov,
Prof. Dr. Nasser  Sweilam
#302 Molecular Dynamics Research (MD simulation studies for the radiobiological problems)
Purchase of the dedicate computer for Cairo University
Prof. K. T. Kholmurodov,
Prof. Nasser Sweilam
 
Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics
(FLNP)
 
#401 Neutron Methods Applied to Novel Materials Technology
 
Dr. D.P. Kozlenko
Prof. Samy ATALA
 
#405 Assessment of the environmental situation in the delta of the Nile River using nuclear and related analytical techniques. Prof. M.V. Frontasyeva,
Prof. Hussein El-Samman
  Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics
(BLTP)
 
#501 Theory of condensed matter and new materials    Prof. Yu. M. Shukrinov,
Prof. Tharwat  El Sherbini
Prof. Hussein El Samman
#503 Nuclear structure and reactions: superheavy and exotic nuclei Prof. V.K. Lukyanov,
Prof. M.Y. Ismail
  Veksler and Baldin Laboratory of High Energy Physics
(VBLHEP)
 
#602 Nuclear track emulsion in nuclear and neutron researches (the BECQUEREL Project)
 
Dr. P. Zarubin
Prof. Tawfik Ghoneim
#603 NICA Theory (Universal freeze out conditions and the return to chiral symmetry breaking in hadronization at NICA energies.) Prof. Ilgenfritz
PI Abdel Tafik
#604 NICA engineering Prof. Richard Lednicky
Prof. Tarek Hussein
  Dzhelepov Laboratory of Nuclear Problems
(DLNP)
 
#702 Expert exchange in Nuclear Medicine Prof. E.M. Syresin
Prof. Nadia Zakhari
Theses defended at JINR by physicists from Egypt
  1. El Nagy Ahmed Ahmed
    1993 г. – Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences –LHE
    “Interaction of π-mesons, protons, nuclei and neutrinos with photoemulsion nuclei at high energy”
  2. Al-Sayed Mohammed Abou El Azm Abdel Shakar
    1996 г. – Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences – FLNR
    “Luminescence α Al2O3 stimulated by heavy ions with the energy ≥ 1 MeV/a.e.m.”
  3. Mohamed Nashat Mohamed Elshazly
    1999 г. – Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences – FLNR
  4. Arafat Mohamed Ahmed Adavy
    2002 г. – Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences – ЛЯР
    “Radiation induced modifications of optical, electrical and mechanical properties of glasses, dielectrics and semiconductors”
  5. Hella H.M.E.
    2003 г. – Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences – LHE
    “Experimental study of transmutation of some radioactive wastes using the relativistic proton beam”
  6. Abdel Ghani Fatah Hassan Elt-Sayed
    2004 г. – Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences – FLNR-FLNP
    “Study of fusion reactions induced by 4,6He and 7Li ion beams”
  7. Ali Saied Ezz El Din Khalil
    2006 г. – Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences – FLNR
    “Investigation of Sputtering of Solids Induced by Swift Heavy Ions”
Joint Coordination Committee

Owing to the Agreement signed at the level of governments between the Arab Republic of Egypt and JINR, new opportunities to continue and develop the program of cooperation with Egypt within the framework of approved joint research projects arose. Such approach to the countries working within the framework of bilateral agreements proved to be quite good. The JINR-RSA cooperation may serve as an example in this context.

The Joint Coordination Committee was formed to solve current issues of the JINR-ARE cooperation and includes three permanent representatives from each side and experts nominated in specific tasks of the Committee.

The Joint Coordination Committee includes:

From JINR

  • Prof. R.Lednický, Vice-Director,
  • Dr. D.V.Kamanin, Head of the International Cooperation Department,
  • Dr. S.Z. Pakuliak, Director of the JINR University Center;
  • Dr. O.Culicov, Deputy Director for science, FLNP.

From ARE

  • Prof. Mahmoud Sakr, Vice President, Academy of Scientific Research and Technology,
  • Prof. Tarek Hussein, Cairo University,
  • Prof. Hussein El-Samman, University of Menofia,
  • Prof. Samy Shaaban Ata-Allah Soliman, Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority
Cooperating organizations
The representative of the ARE Government to the JINR Committee of Plenipotentiaries

The Representative of the government of the Arab Republic of Egypt to JINR from 2009 to the present day is Professor Mohamed Tarek Hussein Zakaria, Advisor of the President, former President of the Academy of Scientific Research and Technology.

Prof. Tarek Hussein, born on 22.04.1952, is a theoretical physicist whose research focuses on phenomenological models of hadronic interactions in particle physics and the clustering phenomena of particle production in hadron-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus interactions. In 2004-2007 he was the President of the Academy of Scientific Research and Technology in Egypt, Professor of Theoretical Physics and Vice Dean for Education at the Faculty of Science, Cairo University. Since 2006 he has also been the manager of Cairo University’s Center for Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences. He is a Member of the Council of Atomic Energy Authority, Egypt.

Prof. T.Hussein received his B.Sc. and PhD in High Energy Particle Physics from Cairo University and has spent most of his career there. In 1995, he was awarded the Egyptian Prize in Physics and in 2000 he was awarded the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Medal in Physics.

Prof. T.Hussein coordinated the Egyptian National Committee on Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East (SESAME) in 2006. In 2010 he was elected Vice President of the Counsel on the SESAME project. He is also a member of the Egyptian Physics Society.

Professor Tarek Hussein receives the Golden Medal from the Rector of the State University of Land Use Planning (Russia)

Prof. Tarek Hussein about the Cooperation with JINR:

Strong historical and scientific ties have been maintained between Egypt and JINR since the 1960s. This has been done through bilateral agreements with Cairo University, the Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority, the University of Menoufia and the National Institute for Astronomical and Geophysical Research. It allowed exchange of scientists and researchers and joint research for the benefit of both parties.

The Egyptian Academy of Scientific Research and Technology as the coordinator of the research centers in Egypt demonstrated its willingness to closer cooperation with JINR within the framework of a bilateral agreement on the governmental level, that will allow Egyptian scientific institutes to participate in JINR activities, to use its basic facilities and to participate in the committees of the basic areas of scientific interest to Egypt, as well as to participate in meetings of the Scientific Council of JINR and bilateral or multilateral research that is organized in the Russian and/or Egyptian research centers.

The Egyptian Academy of Scientific Research and Technology hopes that this cooperation will offer a good opportunity for training young Egyptian researchers in various fields in numerous disciplines developed at JINR, as well as in research applications of nuclear safety, radiation biology and nanotechnology.

Egypt plans to develop cooperation with other Russian scientific and educational organizations, but the project with Dubna shows good promise to be the largest in Russia.

Coordinator of the JINR-ARE Cooperation on the ARE side

Professor Hussein El Samman (hsamman@aucegypt.edu) – Head of the Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Menofia University, Shibin El-Koom.

Events
National Holidays
  • Christmas – January 7;
  • Egyptian Revolution Day – January 25;
  • Sinai Liberation Day – April 25;
  • Labour Day – May 1;
  • Revolution Day – July 23;
  • Armed Forces Day – October 6.

Contact information on the Embassies

Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt in the Russian Federation:

  • 119034, Moscow, Kropotkinsky lane 12
    Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt in the Russian Federation

Embassy of the Russian Federation in the Arab Republic of Egypt: