Arab Republic of Egypt

General information on collaboration

A new stage of cooperation between JINR and the Arab Republic of Egypt started on 3 March 2009 when the Agreement between the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research and the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research of ARE was signed. Ties between JINR and national scientific centres of Egypt and Egyptian scientists, however, have existed for a very long time.

Scientific contacts between Egyptian physicists and their colleagues from Dubna were established at the end of 1960s – beginning of the 1970s, when Ahmed El-Nagy and Mohammed Sherif began to take part in research using photoemulsion techniques at the Laboratory of High Energies (group headed by K.Tolstoy). Cooperation with the Egyptian Atomic Energy Agency, the Cairo University, the Menoufia University, and the Tabbin Institute for Metallurgical Studies took place within the framework of agreements (protocols). In particular, these protocols set the rquirements for exchange of scientists and scientific and technical information in accordance with which JINR granted scholarships to several Egyptian specialists. Over 15 specialists have become JINR fellows. Seven Egyptian specialists defended their theses at JINR.


Dubna, 27 May 2009. Visit of delegation of specialists from Egypt headed by Dr. Mohamed Gamal Halifa, Director of the Tabbin Institute for Metallurgical Studies (Cairo) (on the right)

Majority of scientists collaborating with JINR work in Egyptian institutes using methods and techniques developed at JINR and visit Dubna when necessary. In 2010, Prof. Tarek Hussein and Prof. Hussein El Samman came to JINR for working trips. Tamer Abuelfadl visited FLNP, and Eman Hamza visited BLTP for implementation of joint research. Ali Khalil, Nasser Sweilam, Osama Fouad and Khaled Hegab visited JINR as experts for preparation to the 1st Joint Coordination Committee between JINR-ARE.

In 2011, in the framework of funded joint research projects approved by the 1st Joint Coordination Committee, JINR welcomed 17 visitors from ARE; on 1 January 2012, visitors from Egypt have stayed at JINR for 613 days. ARE has also hosted 6 visitors, and the total number of days spent in Egypt was 59. The Egyptian researcher Dr. Mohamed Abdelhady has also visited INFN (Gran Sasso, Bologna, Italy) for 7 days in the framework of a joint project. It should also be noted that 4 researchers from JINR participated in the 8th Conference on Nuclear and Particle Physics (NUPPAC’11) held in Hurghada, ARE, on 20-24 November 2011.

In 2010 – 2012, the Egyptian student Mahmoud Gaafar was awarded BLTP scholarship and worked at JINR. It further allowed him to become Master of Sciences in Egypt, publish 4 scientific papers and deliver reports at 3 international conferences including the International Conference «Mathematical Modeling and Computational Physics» in Stara Lesna, Slovakia, on 4-8 July 2011 and the International Superconductive Electronics Conference (ISEC 2011) in Hague, Holland, on 18-23 September 2011.

Every year since 2009, the Practice for Young Specialists from ARE has been held at JINR. The 1st Practice for Young Specialists from ARE was held on 18 October – 8 November 2009, the 2nd Practice– 16 May – 6 June 2010, the 3rd Practice – 15 May – 5 June 2011. In 2012 the 4th Practice was held from 13 May to 3 June 2012, 15 young specialists from ARE participated in the Practice. The 5th Practice was held from 12 May to 2 June 2013; the 6th Practice – from 19 May to 8 June 2014. During these schools the participants have lectures and practical training at JINR laboratories. The knowledge and experience gained at these schools allow their participants to continue their studies in Egypt and give them an opportunity to be involved in the JINR-ARE joint research projects.

Thus, fruitful scientific cooperation of Egyptian physicists with JINR scientists continues to be strengthened and extended. Due to this cooperation, new opportunities for development of direct contacts with the largest accelerating centers of the world are available to scientists from the Arab Republic of Egypt.

Contact

  • Prof. Richard Lednický
    Executive of the contacts with the Arab Republic of Egypt, Vice-Director of JINR.

  • +7 (49621) 6-51-26
    +7 (49621) 6-25-82

  • lednicky@fzu.cz

  • Yulia Polyakova
    JINR-ARE Cooperation Coordinator, officer of the International Cooperation Department

  • +7 (49621) 6-34-16

  • are@jinr.ru

Scientific themes and projects

Egyptian scientists take part in the research work on the following themes of the Topical plan for JINR research and international cooperation for the year 2020:

  • Theoretical Physics
    «Theory of Nuclear Systems»
    leaders: N.V. Antonenko, S.N. Ershov, A.A. Dzhioev,
    on the Egyptian side – EAEA, CU;

    «Theory of Complex Systems and Advanced Materials»
    leaders: V.A. Osipov, A.M. Povolotskii;
    on the Egyptian side – CU.
  • Elementary Particle Physics and Relativistic Nuclear Physics
    «Development of the JINR Basic Facility for Generation of Intense Heavy Ion and Polarized Nuclear Beams Aimed at Searching for the Mixed Phase of Nuclear Matter and Investigation of Polarization Phenomena at the Collision Energies up to √sNN = 11 GeV/n»
    leaders: A.S. Sorin (Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics), V.D. Kekelidze (VBLHEP),
    on the Egyptian side – ECTP.
  • Nuclear Physics
    «Development of the FLNR Accelerator Complex and Experimental Setups (DRIBS-III)»
    leaders: G.G.Gulbekian, S.N. Dmitriev, M.G. Itkis;
    on the Egyptian side – CU, MU;

    «Synthesis and Properties of Superheavy Elements, Structure of Nuclei at the Limits of Nucleon Stability»
    leader: M.G. Itkis,
    on the Egyptian side – CU, MU;

    «Investigations of Neutron Nuclear Interactions and Properties of the Neutron»
    leaders: V.N. Shvetsov (FLNP)
    on the Egyptian side – Alexandria Univ., EAEA, MU.
  • Condensed Matter Physics, Radiation and Radiobiological Research
    «Investigations of Condensed Matter by Modern Neutron Scattering Methods»
    leaders: D.P. Kozlenko, V.L. Aksenov, A.M. Balagurov,
    on the Egyptian side – EAEA, CU,

    «Modern Trends and Developments in Raman Microspectroscopy and Photoluminescence for Condensed Matter Studies»
    leaders: G.M. Arzumanyan, N. Kucerka
    on the Egyptian side – CU;
  • «Novel Semiconductor Detectors for Fundamental and Applied Research»
    leaders: G.A. Shelkov,
    on the Egyptian side – ENRRA, E-JUST.
  • Networking, Computing, Computational Physics
    «Information and Computing Infrastructure of JINR»
    leader: V.V. Korenkov (LIT),
    on the Egyptian side – CU.
  • Educational Programme
    «Organization, Support and Development of the JINR Educational Programme»
    leaders: V.A. Matveev, S.Z.Pakuliak (UC),
    on the Egyptian side – ASRT.
JINR-ARE Joint Projects


Project title

Executive person on behalf of Egypt

Laboratory, Executive person on behalf of JINR

Organization of Egypt

1

Study of spintronic effects in Josephson junctions with ferromagnet and antiferromagnet barriers

Sarvat Machmud al-Sherbini

BLTP, Yu. M. Shukrinov

Cairo University

2

Application of Nuclear and related analytical techniques to investigate the Egyptian archaeological materials
 

Medkhat Akhmed Ibrahim

FLNP, A. Yu. Dmitriev

National Research Centre

3

Natural Radioactivity Atlas and Radiological Maps for Strategic Regions in Egypt
 

Muhammad Salah

FLNP, A. Yu. Dmitriev

Mansoura University

4

Properties of heavy and super heavy elements studied by mass spectrometry and ISOL method

Salama Ahmed al-Sayed

FLNR, L. Crupa

British University in Egypt

5

Molecular Modeling and Experimental Neutron Scattering Studies of Interactions of the Condensed Matter and Biological (Lipid Membranes) Systems

Khana Guda Abd al-Wahhab al-Hayes

FLNP, Kh. T. Holmurodov

Ain Shams University

6

Assessment of ecological situation of different ecosystems by using neutron activation and related analytical techniques: an approach of baseline concentrations, pollution indicators, and health hazard

Hussein Mahmood El Samman

FLNP, W. Badawy

Mansoura University

7

Theoretical study of stability of super heavy nuclei

Wala Muhammad Seif  

BLTP, N. V. Antonenko

Cairo University

8

Development of Water Purification Techniques Combining Nonthermal Plasma for Organic Micropollutants degradation and use of sorbents for heavy metals removal from water

Muhammad al-Shayer

FLNP, I. Zinkovskaya

Zagazig University

9

Nucleon- nucleus scattering and K- mesons at relativistic
energy

Ali Eykhia al-Lisi

BLTP, V. K. Lukyanov

Cairo University

10

Development of high efficiency n/γ ray discrimination scintillation detectors using organic composite scintillators

Amer Mahmud Amer Hassan

DLNP, A. S. Zhemchugov

Egyptian Atomic Energy Agency,
Theses defended at JINR by physicists from Egypt
  1. El Nagy Ahmed Ahmed
    1993 г. – Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences –LHE
    “Interaction of π-mesons, protons, nuclei and neutrinos with photoemulsion nuclei at high energy”
  2. Al-Sayed Mohammed Abou El Azm Abdel Shakar
    1996 г. – Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences – FLNR
    “Luminescence α Al2O3 stimulated by heavy ions with the energy ≥ 1 MeV/a.e.m.”
  3. Mohamed Nashat Mohamed Elshazly
    1999 г. – Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences – FLNR
  4. Arafat Mohamed Ahmed Adavy
    2002 г. – Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences – ЛЯР
    “Radiation induced modifications of optical, electrical and mechanical properties of glasses, dielectrics and semiconductors”
  5. Hella H.M.E.
    2003 г. – Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences – LHE
    “Experimental study of transmutation of some radioactive wastes using the relativistic proton beam”
  6. Abdel Ghani Fatah Hassan Elt-Sayed
    2004 г. – Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences – FLNR-FLNP
    “Study of fusion reactions induced by 4,6He and 7Li ion beams”
  7. Ali Saied Ezz El Din Khalil
    2006 г. – Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences – FLNR
    “Investigation of Sputtering of Solids Induced by Swift Heavy Ions”
Joint Coordination Committee

Owing to the Agreement signed at the level of governments between the Arab Republic of Egypt and JINR, new opportunities to continue and develop the program of cooperation with Egypt within the framework of approved joint research projects arose. Such approach to the countries working within the framework of bilateral agreements proved to be quite good. The JINR-RSA cooperation may serve as an example in this context.

The Joint Coordination Committee was formed to solve current issues of the JINR-ARE cooperation and includes three permanent representatives from each side and experts nominated in specific tasks of the Committee.

The Joint Coordination Committee includes:

From JINR

  • Prof. R.Lednický, Vice-Director,
  • Dr. D.V.Kamanin, Head of the International Cooperation Department,
  • Dr. S.Z. Pakuliak, Director of the JINR University Center;
  • Dr. O.Culicov, Deputy Director for science, FLNP.

From ARE

  • Prof. Mahmoud Sakr, President of ASRT, Representative
  • Prof. Gina El-Feky, Coordinator
  • Prof. Tarek Hussein, Head of Nuclear Research Network
  • Prof. Atef Abdul Hamid, President of EAEA
  • Prof. Hussein El-Samman, Minoufiya University
  • Prof. Sameh Sorour, Helwan University
The representative of the ARE Government to the JINR Committee of Plenipotentiaries

Since August 2019, the Plenipotentiary of the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt to JINR and Coordinator of the JINR-ARE Cooperation on the ARE side is Prof. Dr. Mahmoud M. Sakr (msakr@asrt.sci.eg), President of the Academy of Scientific Research and Technology (ASRT).

Plenipotentiary of the Government of Egypt before 2019

The Representative of the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt to JINR from 2009 to 2019 was Professor Mohamed Tarek Hussein Zakaria, Advisor of the President, former President of the Academy of Scientific Research and Technology.

Prof. Tarek Hussein, born on 22.04.1952, is a theoretical physicist whose research focuses on phenomenological models of hadronic interactions in particle physics and the clustering phenomena of particle production in hadron-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus interactions. In 2004-2007 he was the President of the Academy of Scientific Research and Technology in Egypt, Professor of Theoretical Physics and Vice Dean for Education at the Faculty of Science, Cairo University. Since 2006 he has also been the manager of Cairo University’s Center for Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences. He is a Member of the Council of Atomic Energy Authority, Egypt.

Prof. T.Hussein received his B.Sc. and PhD in High Energy Particle Physics from Cairo University and has spent most of his career there. In 1995, he was awarded the Egyptian Prize in Physics and in 2000 he was awarded the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Medal in Physics.

Prof. T.Hussein coordinated the Egyptian National Committee on Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East (SESAME) in 2006. In 2010 he was elected Vice President of the Council on the SESAME project. He is also a member of the Egyptian Physics Society.

Professor Tarek Hussein receives the Golden Medal from the Rector of the State University of Land Use Planning (Russia)

Prof. Tarek Hussein about the Cooperation with JINR:

Strong historical and scientific ties have been maintained between Egypt and JINR since the 1960s. This has been done through bilateral agreements with Cairo University, the Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority, the University of Menoufia, and the National Institute for Astronomical and Geophysical Research. It allowed an exchange of scientists and researchers and joint research for the benefit of both parties.

The Egyptian Academy of Scientific Research and Technology as the coordinator of the research centers in Egypt demonstrated its willingness to closer cooperation with JINR within the framework of a bilateral agreement on the governmental level, that will allow Egyptian scientific institutes to participate in JINR activities, to use its basic facilities and to participate in the committees of the basic areas of scientific interest to Egypt, as well as to participate in meetings of the Scientific Council of JINR and bilateral or multilateral research that is organized in the Russian and/or Egyptian research centers.

The Egyptian Academy of Scientific Research and Technology hopes that this cooperation will offer a good opportunity for training young Egyptian researchers in various fields in numerous disciplines developed at JINR, as well as in research applications of nuclear safety, radiation biology, and nanotechnology.

Egypt plans to develop cooperation with other Russian scientific and educational organizations, but the project with Dubna shows good promise to be the largest in Russia.

Coordinator of the JINR-ARE Cooperation on the ARE side before 2019

Until August 2019, Professor Hussein El Samman (hsamman@aucegypt.edu), Head of the Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Menofia University, Shibin El-Koom, was the Coordinator of the JINR-ARE Cooperation on the ARE side.

National groups
The languages of international communication at JINR are Russian and English. However, one can hear the speech in many languages in Dubna, including the languages of JINR Member States when the countrymen, the representatives of the same expatriates’ community (the national groups of JINR), meet each other. Over the years of existence of JINR the national groups have developed their traditions, forms of cooperation and collaboration with other national groups. Their leaders, appointed by the plenipotentiaries of the JINR Member States play an organizing role in the life of national groups.
  • Wael Mahmoud Badawy, Head of the national group, Senior Research Scientist of the Frank Laboratory of Neutron Reactions
  • +7 (496) 216-24-36
  • wael@jinr.ru

Being in constant contact with plenipotentiaries, embassies of the Member States, the JINR Directorate and management services, they take part in the solution of the problems connected with the staying of their colleagues-countrymen and their families in Russia, with organization of their life and leisure. The Council of the leaders of the national groups has regular meetings. The representatives of the Directorate and the services of the Institute are invited to these meetings. The agenda includes discussion of urgent problems of the collaborators from the Member States. Due to this, the Directorate is able to make adequate decisions in time.

On the occasions of major public holidays of the Member States, the national groups arrange receptions. These festive events are held accompanied by art exhibitions, photo exhibitions, and enrich JINR staff members’ knowledge about the JINR Member States, their people and culture.

National Holidays
  • Christmas – January 7;
  • Revolution Day of 2011– January 25;
  • Sinai Liberation Day – April 25;
  • Sham Ennessim (holiday marking the beginning of spring) – the date changes annually according to the Coptic calendar;
  • Labour Day – May 1;
  • Revolution Day of 2013 – June 30;
  • Revolution Day of 1952 – July 23;
  • Armed Forces Day – October 6.
  • Eid al-Fitr (Uraza Bayram) – religious holiday celebrated by Muslims marking the end of the Ramadan. The date changes annually according to the lunar calendar;
  • Eid al-Adha (Kurban-Bayram) – Islamic holiday aimed to celebrate the end of the annual Hajj to Mecca. Celebrated 70 days after Eid al-Fitr.
Events

Contact information on the Embassies

Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt in the Russian Federation:

  • 119034, Moscow, Kropotkinsky lane 12
    Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt in the Russian Federation

Embassy of the Russian Federation in the Arab Republic of Egypt: