General information on collaboration
Academician Bruno Pontecorvo is a peculiar symbol of links between JINR and Italy. He was born Italian and most of his life lived in Russia and worked in Dubna productively. In 1963 he was awarded the Lenin prize for experimental and theoretical physics researches of neutron and weak interactions – for works in that science field, where Italian scientists and scientists from Dubna do researches up to present.
JINR has kept in touch with Italian physicists since its foundation. At first, Italian scientists visited JINR by directory invitation, and JINR employees visited Italy in return. Professor G. Vatagin, professor T. Regge, professor A. Zichichi and other famous Italian physicists gave lectures on problems of experimental and theoretical physics in Dubna.
In the late of the 60s a new stage of development of JINR cooperation with Italian scientific centres started: scientists began to do collaborative experiments at synchrocyclotron of the Laboratory of Nuclear Problems in JINR (LNP JINR) and at proton accelerator in Protvino. The aim of the first such experiment (1968) was a study of elastic and inelastic pion scattering on helium nuclei with streamer cameras. Physicists from Torino under the direction of professor G. Perugino and a national laboratory in Frascati headed by professor R. Scrimaglio participated most actively from the part of Italy. J.A. Shcherbakov and I.V. Phalomkin headed the expert group of JINR.
The cooperation of scientific groups from Dubna, Milan and Bologna was effective in experiments with magnetic spark chamber spectrometer JINR (MSCC). As a result, scientists studied excitation level spectrum of composite meson structure according to both the orbital and radial quantum number. As a fundamental result, two new resonance state of Pi-meson were discovered during collaborative researches. Subsequently, scientists worked collaboratively at a modernised facility (spectrometer MSCC-2) for the research of boson resonances under meson dissociation on nuclei. Professors D.-P. Bellini, G. Vengi (MSCC), F. Palombo and P. Frabetti (MSCC-2) headed working groups of Italian partners.
In the 80s-90s, scientists did researches, which were a collective contribution to a more wide cooperation – to the projects of European organization of nuclear researches (CERN). Consequently, bilateral treaties were made in relation to experiments at CERN PS-179 and PS-201 (antiproton interaction study with nuclei under low and middle energies at an accelerative electron storage ring (LEAR, CERN).
Due to the opening prospect of supercollider creation in the USA 2 protocols for collaborative development, creation and testing of detectors and calorimeters of a new generation for operation at Tev-colliders were concluded with Italian physicist group under the direction of professor D. Belletini. Unfortunately, this project (building of a supercollider) was stopped for an indefinite period in the USA. JINR and Italian physicists continue to work on this theme in a collaborative experiment at FNAL accelerator in the USA (CDF project).
At present, the cooperation is maintained in all scientific JINR activity, but condensed matter physics and radiobiological researches. Theoreticians from Dubna an Italy have strong and wide cooperation between each other. The International Centre of theoretical physics is located in the territory of Italy in Trieste. It was founded in 1964 to develop fundamental researches in developing countries by organising lectures and seminars given by famous physicists from different countries. JINR employees also came on a business trips to this Centre. Physicists from Dubna together with physicists from Torino do researches of DUBTO under the supervision of G. Pontecorvo, they receive and handle data of proton and photon ejection and of fragments in inelastic reactions of pions with the lightest nuclei.
Today OPERA and BOREXINO among others join scientists from Dubna and Italy, This projects are to search neutrino oscillations (B. Pontecorvo already suggested the idea itself in Dubna) and its parameter study, and measure of solar neutrino flux done at the Gran Sasso underground laboratory. It is one of four laboratories of the Italy National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN). Scientists from Dubna know the National Laboratory in Catania and Frascati National Laboratory well. At present, experts from Catania together with colleagues from JINR take part in CERN projects – CMS and ALICE, do collaborative works with LNR employees in synthesis of new nuclei, do researches of nuclei properties and reaction mechanisms under heavy ions, they participate in development of LNR cyclotrons, in works of physics and engineering of particle accelerator. The Frascati National Laboratory within an agreement with INFN maintain the cooperation with Dubna in modern mathematic physics on theme: “International Theoretical Physics School of Dubna”; scientists do collaborative researches for nuclei and particle interaction under intermediate energy within the cooperation protocol. Scientists also do collaborative works on a check of low-energy QCD predictions, in project COMPASS of CERN, in HERMES (DESY), collaborative researches at accelerative complex GSI (Darmstadt). Apart from 4 laboratories, 19 details basing on university physics departments are a part of INFN: in Bari, Bologna, Genoa, Cagliari etc. All of them cooperate with JINR actively. Let us take Bari, for example, its employees take part in theoretical works on fields and particles, modern mathematic physics, on modern study of neutrino oscillations and defining of neutrino oscillation parameters, and in collaborative works on CERN project of CMS and ALICE.
Recently, CERN directory awarded INFN for its contribution to development of grid technologies (computational “cells”) at the national and European levels (the award was handed out to INFN president Roberto Petronzio). This project was started in 1999 and was one of the first examples of grid-infrastructure creation. INFN was a mover of another project – EGEE (Enabling Grids for E-sciencE), it was started in 2004. CERN experience (INFN experience too) is used by JINR in creation of its grid-segment and in including it in the European and world grid-infrastructure.
Italian National Agency of New Technologies, Energetics and Protection of Environment is another organisation that cooperates with JINR in neutron nuclear physics: works on fundamental and applied researches within bilateral treaty, and collaborative works on creation of neutron resonance source (IREN project of JINR). Employees of the Centre of the Newest Researches of this Agency keep in touch with their colleagues from Dubna in nucleus theory.
Italian embassy in Russia greatly helps to maintain the cooperation. Well-known physicists professor G. Perugino and professor P. Spillantini (replaced Perugino) were counsellors of embassy of science in the recent past.
At present, professor Pietro Fré is a counsellor of embassy of science. He actively takes part in cooperation development with JINR, and together with the Institute directory organises Intarnational conferences in Dubna, where physics from many scientific centres of Italy attend. Annually, 30 Italian scientists come to JINR on short-term business trips to do collaborative works and to attend in meetings, and approximately 150 scientists from Dubna come to Italy.
Alexander S. Sorin
Executive of the JINR contacts with Italy, JINR Chief Scientific Secretary
+7 (49621) 6-21-09
+7 (49621) 6-23-90
The scientists of Italy take part in the research work on the following themes of the Topical plan for JINR research and international cooperation for the year 2017:
- Theoretical Physics
Cooperation on 5 themes
- Elementary Particle Physics and Relativistic Nuclear Physics
Cooperation on 11 themes
- Nuclear physics
Cooperation on 4 themes
- Condensed Matter Physics, Radiation and Radiobiological Research
Cooperation on 3 themes
- Networking, Computing, Computational Physics
Cooperation on 1 theme
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN), branches in Bari cities
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics, branch in Bologna
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics, branch in Genoa
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics, branch in Cagliari
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in Milan
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in Naples
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in в Pavia
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in Padua
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in Pisa
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in Rome
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in Trieste
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in Turin
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in Ferrara
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in Florence
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in, Frascati National laboratory
- Italian National Agency of New Technologies, Energetics and Protection of Environment in Bologna and Rome (ENEA)
- International School of Cutting-Edge Research in Trieste (SISSA/ISAS)
Professor P. Spillantini was a member of the JINR Scientific Council during many years
At present, members of the JINR Scientific Council are:
- Luisa Cifarelli, Vice President, European Physical Society; President, Museo Storico della Fisica e Centro Studi e Ricerche “Enrico Fermi” (Rome, Italy)
- Pietro Fré, Professor, University of Turin (Italy); Scientific Counsellor, Embassy of the Italian Republic in the Russian Federation (Moscow, Russia)
- Angelo Maggiora, Staff Member, Section of Turin, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare – INFN (Turin, Italy)
- New Year (Il Capodanno) – 1 January;
- Epiphany (l’Epifania) or Befana (La Befana), The Manifestation of God, Theophany – 6 January;
- International Women’s Day (La Festa della Donna) – 8 March;
- Day of Foundation of Rome (Natale di Roma) – 21 April;
- Day Liberation from Fascism and German Military Occupation (La Liberazione) – 25 April;
- Labour Day (La Festa del Lavoro) – 1 May;
- Italian National Day and Republic Day (La Festa della Repubblica) – 2 June;
- Ferragosto (Il Ferragosto) Assumption Day or Ascension Day (L’Assunzione) – 15 August;
- All Saint’s Day, Remembrance Day (Il giorno della Commemorazione dei Defunti) – 2 November;
- Day of Armed Forces of Italy (La Festa delle Forze Armate) – 4 November;
- Christmas (Il Natale) – 25 December;
- On 26 May 2017, the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research was visited by an Italian delegation headed by HE Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Italian Republic in the Russian Federation Cesare Maria Ragaglini.
- Today, on 12 April 2017, the solemn ceremony of signing a cooperation Agreement between the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research and the National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN, Italy) was held at the Italian Embassy in Russia.
- On 11 April 2017, President of National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN, Italy) Fernando Ferroni, Spokesperson of the ALICE collaboration (CERN) Federico Antinori accompanied by colleagues visited JINR
- The 7th Round Table Italy – Russia «Hundred Years from GR’s Birth, SUGRA Gets into its Forties» dedicated to the 60th Anniversary of JINR started today, on 24 November 2015 in the International Conference Hall in Dubna.
- On 12-13 October 2015, in Pisa the session of the Joint Coordination Committee on the INFN-JINR Collaboration took place. Every year delegations from INFN and JINR meet to evaluate the status of the collaboration among the two institutions, as specified in the framework agreement between the parties, and to outline the potential areas of common interest which are to intensify the scientific collaboration between the Institutes.
- 26 June 2014. Representatives of the Italian company ASG Superconductors headed by Chief Executive Officer of this company Vincenzo Giori visited the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. Science Attaché of the Italian Embassy in RF Professor Pietro Fré introduced the guests to JINR Director V.A. Matveev
- Professors of the University of Turin and the Polytechnic University of Turin (Italy) visited MIREA and LIT JINR on 22 May 2013. Such a choice is made due to professional interest of the guests who profess in the fields of information technology: L. Lesmo is Deputy Director of the Department of Information Technology of the University of Turin; E. Macii is Vice Rector for Research and Technology Transfer of the Polytechnic University of Turin, M. Marsan is Professor of Communication and Information of the Polytechnic University of Turin.
- The exhibition “Galileo 400”, organized by the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, with the assistance of the National Institute of Nuclear Physics (Italy) and the Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (Romania), was opened on 4 March 2013 in the Moscow Planetarium
- The first meeting of the Standing Committee on Cooperation between the National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN, Italy) and the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research was held on 22 February 2013 in the Dzhelepov Laboratory of Nuclear Problems of JINR
- Members of the JINR Scientific Council, members of the Committee on JINR-INFN cooperation, DLNP staff members participated in the opening ceremony of the memorial board of the European Physical Society (EPS) at the office of B.M. Pontecorvo on 22 February 2013 at the Dzhelepov Laboratory of Nuclear Problems
- The 5th Round Table France–Italy–Russia «Frontiers of Mathematical Physics» will be held in Dubna in the International Conference Hall on 16-18 December 2012.
- Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Italy to the Russian Federation Mr. Antonio Zanardi Landi accompanied by Science Attaché of the Embassy of Italy Pietro Fré visited JINR on 20 January 2012
- A Round table Italy-Russia with participation of an INFN delegation (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Italy) and Heads of JINR will be held in JINR House of scientists on 14 June 2011.
- President of the National Institute of Nuclear Physics (Italy) Professor Roberto Petronzio visited the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research on 14 June 2011. The two scientific centers signed an agreement on extending cooperation in the implementation of projects of mutual interest
- The 2nd Round Table Italy–Russia@Dubna «Space Physics and Biology» was held in Dubna on 19-23 December 2010 at the International Conference Hall. It was organized by the Italian Embassy in the Russian Federation, JINR and RAS. The main themes addressed in the Round Table were Biology, Biophysics, Neurosciences, Biology, Biophysics, Neurosciences and Space
Information about the Round Table 2nd Round Table Italy–Russia@Dubna “Space Physics and Biology”
«JINR NEWS» #1 2011 (Scientific cooperation) wwwinfo.jinr.ru/publish/News/News_1_2011_color.pdf
- A round table meeting Italy-Russia “Efforts in Fundamental Research and Perspectives for Applied S&T and Business Development” will be held in Dubna on 18-19 December 2009. The round table is organized by the Embassy of Italy in the Russian Federation and the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research
Contact Information on the Embassies
Embassy of Italy in the Russian Federation:
Russian Embassy in Italy: