General information on collaboration
Academician Bruno Pontecorvo is a particular symbol of links between JINR and Italy. He was born in Italy but lived in Russia most of his life and successfully worked in Dubna. In 1963, he was honored to be awarded the Lenin prize for experimental and theoretical research in the fields of neutrino physics and weak interactions. For work in those scientific fields in which research is still conducted by Italian scientists and scientists from Dubna.
JINR has kept in touch with Italian physicists since its foundation. At first, Italian scientists visited JINR on the invitation of JINR Director, and JINR staff members made return visits to Italy. Professors G. Vatagin, T. Regge, A. Zichichi and other famous Italian physicists gave lectures on problems of experimental and theoretical physics in Dubna.
In the late 1960s, a new stage of development of JINR cooperation with Italian scientific centres started: scientists began to conduct joint experiments at the Synchrocyclotron of the Laboratory of Nuclear Problems in JINR (DLNP JINR) and at the proton accelerator in Protvino. The aim of the first such experiment (1968) was to study elastic and inelastic pion scattering at helium nuclei with streamer cameras. Physicists from Torino under the direction of professor G. Perugino and the National Laboratory in Frascati headed by professor R. Scrimaglio participated most actively from the part of Italy. Yu.A. Shcherbakov and I.V. Falomkin headed the expert group of JINR.
The cooperation of scientific groups from Dubna, Milan and Bologna was effective in experiments with the Magnetic Spark Chamber Spectrometer of JINR (MSCC). As a result, scientists studied excitation level spectrum of composite meson structure according to both the orbital and radial quantum number. As a fundamental result, two new resonance states of Pi-meson were discovered during collaborative research. Subsequently, scientists worked jointly at a modernised facility (spectrometer MSCC-2) for research on boson resonances under meson dissociation at nuclei. Professors D.-P. Bellini, G. Vengi (MSCC), F. Palombo and P. Frabetti (MSCC-2) headed working groups of Italian partners.
In the 1980s-90s, scientists carried out research, which was a collective contribution to a more wide cooperation, namely to the projects of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN). Then, bilateral agreements were signed in the frames of the experiments PS-179 and PS-201 in CERN (study of antiproton interactions with nuclei under low and middle energies at the LEAR accelerating antiproton storage ring).
Due to the prospect of construction of a supercollider in the USA, 2 protocols on collaborative development, creation and testing of detectors and calorimeters of a new generation for operation at TeV-colliders were signed with a group of Italian physicists headed by professor D. Belletini. Unfortunately, this project in the USA was stopped for an indefinite period of time. JINR and Italian physicists continue to work on this theme in a collaborative experiment at FNAL accelerator in the USA (the CDF project).
At present, the cooperation is maintained in all JINR scientific activities, except for condensed matter physics and radiobiological research. A close cooperation of theoreticians from Dubna an Italy should be highlighted. The International Centre of Theoretical Physics is located at the territory of Italy in Trieste. It was founded in 1964 for development of fundamental research in developing countries by organising lectures and seminars by famous physicists from different countries. JINR staff members also came on business trips to this Centre. Physicists from Dubna together with physicists from Torino conduct research in the frames of the DUBTO project under the supervision of G. Pontecorvo. They obtain and process data on ejection of protons and photons as well as fragments in inelastic reactions of pions with the lightest nuclei.
Nowadays, OPERA and BOREXINO conducted at the Gran Sasso underground laboratory, aimed at search for netrino oscillations (the idea about neutrino oscillations was suggested by B. Pontecorvo in Dubna) and study of their parameters as well as measuring fluxes of solar neutrinos, unite scientists from Dubna and Italy as other projects. It is one of the four laboratories of the Italy National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN). Scientists from Dubna know about the National Laboratory in Catania and the Frascati National Laboratory. At present, experts from Catania together with colleagues from JINR take part in CERN projects, namely CMS and ALICE, do collaborative work with FLNR staff on synthesis of new nuclei, perform research on nuclei properties and reaction mechanisms under heavy ions, they participate in development of FLNR cyclotrons, work on physics and technologies of particle accelerators. Within the agreement with INFN, the Frascati National Laboratory maintains cooperation with Dubna in the fields of modern mathematic physics on the theme: “International Theoretical Physics School of Dubna”. Scientists do collaborative research on nuclei and particle interactions at intermediate energies within the cooperation protocol. Scientists also do collaborative work on testing of low-energy QCD predictions, joint research is carried out in the COMPASS and HERMES (DESY) projects, collaborative research is being done at the GSI accelerating complex (Darmstadt). In addition to 4 laboratories, 19 divisions basing on physics departments of universities are included in INFN: in Bari, Bologna, Genoa, Cagliari etc. All of them actively cooperate with JINR. Let’s consider Bari, for example. Its staff members take part in theoretical research on fields and particles, modern mathematical physics, in joint study of neutrino oscillations and defining of neutrino oscillation parameters, and in collaborative work in the CMS and ALICE CERN projects.
Recently, the CERN Directorate awarded INFN for its contribution to development of Grid-technologies (computational “cells”) at the national and European levels (the award was presented to INFN President Roberto Petronzio). This project was started in 1999 and was one of the first examples of Grid-infrastructure creation. INFN initiated another project – EGEE (Enabling Grids for E-sciencE), implementation of which started in 2004. CERN experience (that is the INFN experience too) is used by JINR in creation of its Grid-segment and in including it into the European and world Grid-infrastructure.
The Italian National Agency of New Technologies, Energetics and Protection of Environment is another organisation that cooperates with JINR in the fields of neutron nuclear physics: fundamental and applied research are carried out within the bilateral agreement, and collaborative work on creation of neutron resonance source (IREN project of JINR) is held. The staff of the Centre of Advanced Research of this Agency keeps in touch with their colleagues from Dubna in nucleus theory.
The Italian Embassy in Russia greatly contributes to organization of cooperation. Well-known physicists professors G. Perugino and P. Spillantini (who later replaced Perugino) were counsellors for science of the Embassy in the recent past.
At present, professor Pietro Fré is Counsellor for Science of the Embassy. He actively takes part in cooperation development with JINR, and together with the Institute Directorate organises international conferences in Dubna that are attended by physicists from many scientific centres of Italy. Annually, 30 Italian scientists come to JINR on short-term business trips to do collaborative research and to attend meetings, and approximately 150 scientists from Dubna come to Italy.
Alexander S. Sorin
Executive of the JINR contacts with Italy, JINR Chief Scientific Secretary
+7 (49621) 6-21-09
+7 (49621) 6-23-90
The scientists of Italy take part in the research work on the following themes of the Topical plan for JINR research and international cooperation for the year 2020:
- Theoretical Physics
Cooperation on 4 themes
- Elementary Particle Physics and Relativistic Nuclear Physics
Cooperation on 10 themes
- Nuclear physics
Cooperation on 2 themes
- Condensed Matter Physics, Radiation and Radiobiological Research
Cooperation on 4 themes
- Networking, Computing, Computational Physics
Cooperation on 2 themes
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN), branches in Bari cities
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics, branch in Bologna
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics, branch in Genoa
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics, branch in Cagliari
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in Milan
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in Naples
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in в Pavia
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in Padua
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in Pisa
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in Rome
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in Trieste
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in Turin
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in Ferrara
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in Florence
- National Institute of Nuclear Physics in, Frascati National laboratory
- Italian National Agency of New Technologies, Energetics and Protection of Environment in Bologna and Rome (ENEA)
- International School of Cutting-Edge Research in Trieste (SISSA/ISAS)
Professor P. Spillantini was a member of the JINR Scientific Council during many years
At present, members of the JINR Scientific Council are:
- Luisa Cifarelli, Professor, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Bologna, and INFN (Bologna, Italy); President, Centro Fermi (Rome, Italy);
- Pietro Fré, Professor, Department of Physics, University of Turin;
- Angelo Maggiora, Chief Researcher, Section of Turin, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare – INFN .
- New Year (Il Capodanno) – 1 January;
- Epiphany (l’Epifania) or Befana (La Befana), The Manifestation of God, Theophany – 6 January;
- International Women’s Day (La Festa della Donna) – 8 March;
- Day of Foundation of Rome (Natale di Roma) – 21 April;
- Day Liberation from Fascism and German Military Occupation (La Liberazione) – 25 April;
- Labour Day (La Festa del Lavoro) – 1 May;
- Italian National Day and Republic Day (La Festa della Repubblica) – 2 June;
- Ferragosto (Il Ferragosto) Assumption Day or Ascension Day (L’Assunzione) – 15 August;
- All Saint’s Day, Remembrance Day (Il giorno della Commemorazione dei Defunti) – 2 November;
- Day of Armed Forces of Italy (La Festa delle Forze Armate) – 4 November;
- Christmas (Il Natale) – 25 December;
- On 17 July 2018, H.E. Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Italian Embassy in Russian Federation Mr. Pasquale Q. Terracciano payed his first official visit to the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research
- On 26 May 2017, the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research was visited by an Italian delegation headed by HE Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Italian Republic in the Russian Federation Cesare Maria Ragaglini
- Today, on 12 April 2017, the solemn ceremony of signing a cooperation Agreement between the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research and the National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN, Italy) was held at the Italian Embassy in Russia
- On 11 April 2017, President of National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN, Italy) Fernando Ferroni, Spokesperson of the ALICE collaboration (CERN) Federico Antinori accompanied by colleagues visited JINR
- The 7th Round Table Italy – Russia «Hundred Years from GR’s Birth, SUGRA Gets into its Forties» dedicated to the 60th Anniversary of JINR started today, on 24 November 2015 in the International Conference Hall in Dubna.
- On 12-13 October 2015, in Pisa the session of the Joint Coordination Committee on the INFN-JINR Collaboration took place. Every year delegations from INFN and JINR meet to evaluate the status of the collaboration among the two institutions, as specified in the framework agreement between the parties, and to outline the potential areas of common interest which are to intensify the scientific collaboration between the Institutes.
- 26 June 2014. Representatives of the Italian company ASG Superconductors headed by Chief Executive Officer of this company Vincenzo Giori visited the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. Science Attaché of the Italian Embassy in RF Professor Pietro Fré introduced the guests to JINR Director V.A. Matveev
- Professors of the University of Turin and the Polytechnic University of Turin (Italy) visited MIREA and LIT JINR on 22 May 2013. Such a choice is made due to professional interest of the guests who profess in the fields of information technology: L. Lesmo is Deputy Director of the Department of Information Technology of the University of Turin; E. Macii is Vice Rector for Research and Technology Transfer of the Polytechnic University of Turin, M. Marsan is Professor of Communication and Information of the Polytechnic University of Turin.
- The exhibition “Galileo 400”, organized by the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, with the assistance of the National Institute of Nuclear Physics (Italy) and the Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (Romania), was opened on 4 March 2013 in the Moscow Planetarium
- The first meeting of the Standing Committee on Cooperation between the National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN, Italy) and the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research was held on 22 February 2013 in the Dzhelepov Laboratory of Nuclear Problems of JINR
- Members of the JINR Scientific Council, members of the Committee on JINR-INFN cooperation, DLNP staff members participated in the opening ceremony of the memorial board of the European Physical Society (EPS) at the office of B.M. Pontecorvo on 22 February 2013 at the Dzhelepov Laboratory of Nuclear Problems
- The 5th Round Table France–Italy–Russia «Frontiers of Mathematical Physics» will be held in Dubna in the International Conference Hall on 16-18 December 2012.
- Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Italy to the Russian Federation Mr. Antonio Zanardi Landi accompanied by Science Attaché of the Embassy of Italy Pietro Fré visited JINR on 20 January 2012
- A Round table Italy-Russia with participation of an INFN delegation (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Italy) and Heads of JINR will be held in JINR House of scientists on 14 June 2011.
- President of the National Institute of Nuclear Physics (Italy) Professor Roberto Petronzio visited the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research on 14 June 2011. The two scientific centers signed an agreement on extending cooperation in the implementation of projects of mutual interest
- The 2nd Round Table Italy–Russia@Dubna «Space Physics and Biology» was held in Dubna on 19-23 December 2010 at the International Conference Hall. It was organized by the Italian Embassy in the Russian Federation, JINR and RAS. The main themes addressed in the Round Table were Biology, Biophysics, Neurosciences, Biology, Biophysics, Neurosciences and Space
Information about the Round Table 2nd Round Table Italy–Russia@Dubna “Space Physics and Biology”
«JINR NEWS» #1 2011 (Scientific cooperation) wwwinfo.jinr.ru/publish/News/News_1_2011_color.pdf
- A round table meeting Italy-Russia “Efforts in Fundamental Research and Perspectives for Applied S&T and Business Development” will be held in Dubna on 18-19 December 2009. The round table is organized by the Embassy of Italy in the Russian Federation and the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research
Contact Information on the Embassies
Embassy of Italy in the Russian Federation:
Russian Embassy in Italy: